186 judgments found.

Canada (Attorney General) v. Thwaites

Country: Canada
Year: 1994
Court: Federal Court - Trial Division
Citation: [1994] 3 F.C. 38
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Occupational health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to work
Facts:

Simon Thwaites filed a complaint against the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF), alleging that it discriminated against him under the Canadian Human Rights Act (CHRA) by restricting his employment because of his HIV-positive status. Thwaites enlisted in the CAF in 1980 and by 1986 had risen to the rank of master seaman, a position that primarily …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Disabled, Employment, Gay, Health care professionals, Health care workers, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Homosexual, Job safety, LGBTI, Military, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexual orientation
Download Judgment: English French

Case 537B/1994

Country: Hungary
Year: 1994
Court: Alkotmánybíróság (Constitutional Court)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

Petitioner challenged the constitutionality of a portion of a decree covering the financing of health services, which included a “professional” factor in determining the amount of funding for local governments. This provided more funding for doctors with higher skills, as opposed to merely the number of years spent as a public servant or the number …Read more

Tags: Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Health spending, Primary care, Secondary care
Download Judgment: English Hungarian

In re T (adult: refusal of medical treatment)

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1992
Court: Court of Appeal, Civil Division
Citation: [1992] 4 All ER 649, CA
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

This case dealt with the right to choose how to live, specifically regarding the right to refuse a blood transfusion. Miss T had been raised by her mother, a Jehovah’s witness, but was never baptized into the faith and had told her boyfriend and father that she was not a Jehovah’s Witness. She was 34 …Read more

Tags: Emergency care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Incapacity, Incompetence, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Mental competence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Case 64/1991 (XII. 17) AB

Country: Hungary
Year: 1991
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of religion, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life
Facts:

Two groups of petitioners, one pro-life and the other pro-choice, challenged provisions regulating abortion in Article 29(4) of the Health Act, Decree 76/1988. (XI.3.) MT, and its implementing Decree 15/1988. (XII. 15) SZEM. Article 29(4) established that abortion would be permitted in circumstances outlined under the regulations. The implementing regulations in Decree 15/1988 provided that …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Children, Conscientious objection, Criminalization, Family planning, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Doe v. Attorney General of the US

Country: United States
Year: 1991
Court: 9th Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 941 F.2d 780 (1991)
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to privacy
Facts:

John Doe brought a lawsuit against the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and Agent Held alleging that they discriminated against him by ceasing to send agents to him for physical examinations because of his AIDS. John Doe was a physician who gave physical examinations to FBI agents and to potential agents in the hiring process. …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Clinics, Confidentiality, Disabled, Employment, Examination, Handicapped, Health care professionals, Health care workers, HIV, HIV positive, Law enforcement, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV
Download Judgment: English

The Society for the Protection of Unborn Children Ireland Ltd. v. Grogan

Country: Ireland
Year: 1991
Court: European Court of Justice
Citation: [1991] ECR 1-4733
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right of access to information
Facts:

The plaintiff, the Society for the Protection of Unborn Children, an Irish company whose purpose was to prevent the decriminalization of abortion, brought a suit against the defendants, including Stephen Grogan and fourteen other officers of Irish student organizations, for their distribution of “specific information relating to the identity and location of clinics” in other …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to healthcare, Advertising, Awareness, Clinics, Criminalization, Health care professionals, Health education, Pregnancy; Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

K.H. v. Malmöhus Läns Landstingskommun

Country: Sweden
Year: 1990
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: NJA 1990 s 442 – Målnummer No. 40
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Facts:

Kerstin H. had an operation intended to lessen pain in her hip, however after the operation she still suffered from the original ailment as well as new pain. Prior to the operation, Kerstin H. had been informed that the doctors aimed “to clean up the area around the nerve” (the doctors had also used such …Read more

Tags: Clinics, Disclosure, Duty of care, Examination, Health care professionals, Informed choice, Negligence, Patient choice, Tertiary care, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English Swedish

H. v. France

Country: France
Year: 1989
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 10073/82; (1989) 12 EHRR 74
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

  The applicant, a French citizen, struggled with depression, schizophrenia and, at some points, symptoms of catatonia.  In May of 1961, the applicant, who was a primary school supply teacher, voluntarily reported to the neurological clinic at Strasbourg Hospital for observation. He expected to be in the hospital for two weeks. In June of 1961, …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Depression, Disabled, Disclosure, Experimental treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Inappropriate treatment, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Medical records, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-disclosure, Patient choice, Psychiatry, Public hospital, Schizophrenia, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English French

R v. Dyment

Country: Canada
Year: 1988
Court: Supreme Court of Canada
Citation: [1988] 2 SCR 417
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

The respondent had an accident and suffered a head laceration. A police officer drove the respondent to the hospital where the doctor collected free-flowing blood for medical purposes from the respondent who was unconscious. He gave the blood to a police officer who did not have a search warrant or patient consent. The patient was …Read more

Tags: Alcohol, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Emergency care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health data, Involuntary testing, Law enforcement, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-disclosure, Patient choice, Police, Secrecy, Testing
Download Judgment: English

Wideman v. Shallowford Community Hospital

Country: United States
Year: 1987
Court: United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit
Citation: Wideman v. Shallowford Community Hospital 826 F. 2d 1030 (11th Cir. 1987)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

Plaintiffs, Toni Wideman and her husband, filed suit under 42 USCA Section 1983 which permits civil action for the deprivation of Constitutional rights, against defendants, DeKalb County, Shallowford Hospital, and three DeKalb County EMS employees in their official capacities, seeking damages for the wrongful death of their child. On April 12, 1984, Toni Wideman, who …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Damages, Duty of care, Emergency care, Health care professionals
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