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190 judgments found.

R. v. Morgentaler

Country: Canada
Year: 1993
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [1993] 2 S.C.R. 463
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Section 251(4) of the Criminal Code of Canada (the Code) permitted abortions to be performed only at accredited hospitals and then with approval from the performing hospital’s therapeutic abortion committee. Drs. Morgentaler, Smoling, and Scott had together established an abortion clinic in Toronto to perform abortions not approved by a therapeutic abortion committee.  Following public …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to treatment, Clinics, Criminalization, Health insurance, Health regulation, Maternal health, Pregnancy, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Reimbursement, Subsidies, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion
Download Judgment: English French

Glanz v. Vernick

Country: United States
Year: 1991
Court: United States District Court, D. Massachusetts
Citation: Glanz v. Vernick 756 F. Supp. 632 (D. Mass. 1991)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to health
Facts:

In 1989, plaintiff’s decedent, Raymond Vadnais brought this suit against defendants, Dr. Vernick and Beth Israel, alleging discrimination in violation of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Mr. Vadnais claimed that Dr. Vernick, an employee of the Beth Israel’s Ear Nose and Throat Clinic, refused to perform elective ear surgery on him because …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Clinics, HIV positive, HIV status, Public hospitals
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Webster v. Reproductive Health Services

Country: United States
Year: 1989
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 492 U.S. 490 (1989)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Reproductive Health Services (RHS), a non-profit organization, brought this class action suit challenging the constitutionality of a Missouri law (the Act) regulating the performance of abortions. The Act did the following: Set forth, in the preamble, that the “life of each human being begins at conception,” and that “unborn children have protectable interests in life, …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to treatment, Children, Criminalization, Examination, Family planning, Infant health, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Pregnancy, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

R. v. Morgentaler

Country: Canada
Year: 1988
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [1988] 1 S.C.R. 30
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Section 251(4) of the Criminal Code of Canada (the Code) permitted abortions to be performed only at accredited hospitals and then with approval from the performing hospital’s therapeutic abortion committee. Drs. Morgentaler, Smoling, and Scott had together established an abortion clinic in Toronto to perform abortions not approved by a therapeutic abortion committee.  Following public …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to treatment, Clinics, Criminalization, Health insurance, Health regulation, Maternal health, Pregnancy, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Reimbursement, Subsidies, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion
Download Judgment: English French

Rakesh Chandra Narayan v. State of Bihar and Others

Country: India
Year: 1988
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 1989 AIR 348; 1988 SCR Supl. (3) 306; 1989 SCC Supl. (1) 644; JT 1988 (4) 233; 1988 SCALE (2) 965
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medicines, Mental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Facts:

In 1985 the Petitioners wrote a letter to the Court regarding the deteriorating state of the Ranchi Mansik Arogyashala, a mental hospital (the Hospital) in Bihar. The Court treated it as a public interest litigation under Article 32 of the Constitution. The Court directed the Chief Judicial Magistrate to visit the Hospital and submit a …Read more

Tags: Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Cleanliness, Malnutrition, Mental illness, Mental institution, Pharmaceuticals, Public hospitals, Sewage, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Case 24735

Country: France
Year: 1982
Court: Conseil d'Etat [Council of State]
Citation: C.E., n°24735
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

A private care establishment that was denied its request for approval appealed the judgment on the grounds of abuse of power by the social and sanitary action inspector, who was deleted this task by the prefect.

Tags: Access to health care, Clinics, Health facilities, Health regulation, Private hospitals, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English French

Memorial Hospital v. Maricopa County

Country: United States
Year: 1974
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 415 U.S. 250 (1974)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of movement and residence
Facts:

The appellants, Henry Evaro and Memorial Hospital, brought an action against Maricopa County challenging the constitutionality of a provision in an Arizona statute requiring 12 months residence in a county before medical care is provided to an indigent person in non-emergency situations. Evaro, an indigent person, suffered from chronic asthma and bronchial illness. In June …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health regulation, Health spending, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Doe v. Bolton

Country: United States
Year: 1973
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 410 U.S. 179 (1973)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Mary Doe, under a pseudonym, was a married, twenty-two year old mother living in Georgia. At the time of this case, she already had three children, two in foster care and the third given up for adoption due to her inability to provide for them. She sought an abortion from the Grady Memorial Hospital Abortion …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to treatment, Clinics, Conscientious objection, Family planning, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Low income, Poor, Pregnancy, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion
Download Judgment: English

Wyatt v. Stickney

Country: United States
Year: 1972
Court: Federal District Court of Alabama
Citation: 325 F.Supp. 781 (1971)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

Plaintiffs, the guardians of patients confined at Bryce Hospital, Alabama (the Hospital) and certain employees of the Alabama Mental Health Board assigned to the Hospital, requested an order of reference for an authoritative determination of standards of the adequacy of the current and future mental treatment employed by the Hospital in effecting the right to …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Primary care, Psychiatry, Psychology, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

Tunkl v. Regents of the University of California

Country: United States
Year: 1963
Court: Supreme Court of California, In Bank
Citation: Tunkl v. Regents of the University of California 383 P.2d 441 (Cal. 1963)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

Hugo Tunkl filed suit to recover damages for personal injuries alleged to have resulted from the negligence of two physicians at the University of California Los Angeles Medical Center, a non profit charitable institution. Tunkl died after suit was brought, and his wife was substituted as plaintiff. Tunkl was admitted to the UCLA Medical Center …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Duty of care, Negligence, Public hospitals, Tort
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