138 judgments found.

Government of the Republic of Namibia v. LM, et al.

Country: Namibia
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: (SA 49/2012) [2014] NASC 19
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Three Namibian women who were all pregnant and HIV-positive were sterilized at State hospitals after giving birth. The women claimed they were sterilized without their informed consent, and that they were sterilized due to their HIV-positive status. The first woman said that her doctor (through her nurse) told her that all HIV-positive women must have …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Caesarean, Childbirth, Compulsory sterilization, Counseling, Emergency care, Forced sterilization, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health education, Health records, HIV positive, HIV status, Informed choice, Mandatory sterilization, Medical records, Patient choice, Public hospitals, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

I.V. v. Bolivia (Merits)

Country: Bolivia
Year: 2014
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 72/14, Case 12.655; Merits I.V. BOLIVIA; August 15, 2014
Health Topics: Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

I.V. went to a hospital for a cesarean section and was sterilized by her doctor. She alleged that the only questions that the doctor had asked her before the procedure were where she had her first cesarean section and whether she had previously had an infection. I.V. maintained that she was not given any information …Read more

Tags: Compulsory sterilization, Compulsory treatment, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Informed choice, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
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Konovalova v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 37873/04, § 1, ECHR 2014
Health Topics: Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to privacy
Facts:

Ms. Konovalova, a Russian citizen, experienced contractions due to her pregnancy and was taken to S. M. Kirov Military Medical Academy Hospital. After she was admitted to the gynecology ward, she was given a booklet issued by the hospital that contained a notice stating, “We ask you to respect the fact that medical treatment in …Read more

Tags: Childbirth, Confidentiality, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Disclosure, Health care professionals, Health facilities, Health records, Humiliating treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Informed choice, Maternal health, Medical records, Non-pecuniary damage, Notification, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

L.H. v. Latvia

Country: Latvia
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 52019/07
Health Topics: Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant gave birth by Caesarean section in the Cesis District Central Hospital (Cesis Hospital) in 1997. The surgeon conducting the Caesarean section performed a tubal ligation (surgical contraception) without the applicant’s consent. The applicant commenced civil proceedings against the hospital to recover damages for the unauthorized procedure. Ultimately, in December 2006, the applicant’s claim …Read more

Tags: Caesarian, Childbirth, Compulsory sterilization, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Forced sterilization, Health records, Inappropriate treatment, Informed choice, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory sterilization, Medical records, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-disclosure, Notification, Patient choice, Public hospitals, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Petrova v. Latvia

Country: Latvia
Year: 2014
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: ECHR 181 (2014)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant’s son at the age of 23 was in a car accident and sustained very serious injuries. He had to be operated on but his condition became worse after her surgery and he died. After a few months, she discovered that her son’s kidneys and spleen had been removed for organ transplantation after his …Read more

Tags: Clinics, Degrading treatment, Emergency care, Health facilities, Inhuman treatment, Patient choice, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

R. (on the application of Nicklinson) v. Ministry of Justice

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2014
Court: The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
Citation: [2014] HRLR 17
Health Topics: Disabilities, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The appellants, all individuals suffering from severe medical conditions, wished to die but were physically incapable of doing so themselves, due to their respective medical limitations. They could not find anyone to assist them in ending their lives; UK law criminalized assisting suicide. At issue was whether s. 2(1) of the Suicide Act 1961 (“s. …Read more

Tags: Criminalization, Disabled, Informed choice, Patient choice, Suicide
Download Judgment: English

XX v. WW and Middle South Area Mental Health Service

Country: Australia
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court of Victoria
Citation: [2014] VSC 564
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

XX, a mental health patient, had been detained and treated against her will at a treatment center under an Involuntary Treatment Order (“ITO”) in August 2013. The ITO was revoked by the Mental Health Review Board (“Board”). Following XX’s return to the ward, conversations with staff and an assessment by a psychiatric nurse, WW recommended …Read more

Tags: Bipolar, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory treatment, Forced treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Patient choice
Download Judgment: English

B. v. Romania (no. 2)

Country: Romania
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 1285/03
Health Topics: Disabilities, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, M.B., filed a complaint with the European Court of Human Rights for a violation of (1) laws concerning compulsory admission to psychiatric hospitals and (2) laws concerning decisions in child-rearing where the parent or guardian’s mental capacity is in question. M.B. was diagnosed in 2000 with paranoid schizophrenia. As a result of her …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory examination, Counselling, Disabled, Forced examination, Handicapped, Incapacity, Incompetence, Informed choice, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary examination, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mandatory examination, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Paranoia, Patient choice, Schizophrenia
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Case EAND/0895/02/13

Country: Armenia
Year: 2013
Court: Civil Court of Appeal [Հայաստանի Հանրապետության Վերաքննիչ քաղաքացիական դատարան]
Citation: Case № ԵԱՆԴ/0895/02/13
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The appellant, Zhuleta Amarikyan, was compulsorily committed to inpatient psychiatric treatment on the request of the head of the psychiatric clinic. Amarikyan was diagnosed with acute delirium syndrome and was described as being a danger to herself and others and unable to control her actions. At the time of the trial of Amarikyan’s commitment, Amarikyan …Read more

Tags: Clinics, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory examination, Compulsory treatment, Diagnostics, Forced examination, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Incapacity, Incompetence, Insanity, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary examination, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English Armenian

Csoma v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No.8759/05
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, Ms. Julia Kinga Csoma, alleged that her gynecologist had committed “grievous unintentional bodily harm and negligence” due to serious medical errors in her treatment. Csoma became pregnant in January 2002.  Her pregnancy was monitored by a gynecologist at the town hospital where Csoma worked as a nurse.  The fetus was diagnosed with hydrocephalus, …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion technique, Damages, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Health records, Infertility, Informed choice, Medical records, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-pecuniary damage, Patient choice, Public hospitals, Remedies, Sterilization, Termination of pregnancy, Tort
Download Judgment: English