62 judgments found.

R. v. Godoy

Country: Canada
Year: 1999
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [1999] 1 R.C.S. 311
Health Topics: Violence
Human Rights: Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

In June 1992 four police officers attended an apartment from which an unknown trouble call to the police had originated. An unknown trouble call is an emergency call to the police in which the line is disconnected before the caller speaks. Such calls are deemed by police policy to be the second highest priority distress …Read more

Tags: Domestic abuse, Domestic violence, Law enforcement, Police
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Villagrán-Morales, et al. (“Street Children”) v. Guatemala

Country: Guatemala
Year: 1999
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Merits, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 63 (Nov. 19, 1999); Inter Joint Concurring Opinion of Judges A.A. Cancado Trinidade & A. Abreu-Burelli, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 63 (Nov. 19, 1999).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Poverty, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Five youths, three of whom were minors, were “street children” abducted, tortured, and killed by State security agents.  The children lived in a sector of the city where violence and crime rate were high and where State officials commit illegal acts against “street children,” including “threats, arrests, cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment and homicides as …Read more

Tags: Assault, Children, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Execution, Forced disappearance, Health records, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Law enforcement, Low income, Medical records, Minor, Police, Poor, Torture, Underprivileged
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Dalia v. France

Country: France
Year: 1998
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 26102/95; (2001) 33 EHRR 26; [1998] ECHR 5
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Controlled substances, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to family life
Facts:

Aïcha Dalia (“the Applicant”) is an Algerian national who arrived in France when she was approximately 17 years of age, to join her mother and siblings who lawfully resided there. In 1985, she was sentenced to twelve months’ imprisonment for offences against the dangerous drugs legislation, which also made orders for her deportation and permanent …Read more

Tags: Child development, Degrading treatment, Drug enforcement, Heroin, Immigration, Inhuman treatment, Law enforcement, Migrants
Download Judgment: English French

Aksoy v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 1996
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Judgment of the ECtHR, 18 December 1996
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Medical malpractice, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Aksoy (A) claimed that in November 1992 he was taken into custody by twenty policemen after M (another detainee with them) had allegedly identified him as a member of the PKK which was engaged in a conflict with security forces for Kurdish autonomy. This conflict had resulted in nearly 8,000 deaths and there was a …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Armed conflict, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Execution, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Humiliating treatment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Law enforcement, Prison conditions, Torture
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Peart and Peart v. Jamaica

Country: Jamaica
Year: 1995
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication Nos. 464 & 482/1991
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Peart and Peart (A and G) were convicted of murder and sentenced to death in 1988. They claimed that their conviction was based on the uncorroborated evidence of an eyewitness, evidence which had conflicted with a written statement previously made to the police but which they had not been allowed to see before or during …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detention, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, Prison
Download Judgment: English

Hurtado v. Switzerland

Country: Switzerland
Year: 1994
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Case No. 37/1993/432/511 [1994] ECHR 280
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Prisons
Facts:

While arresting Mr. Hurtado, Swiss police officers threw a stun grenade, forced Mr. Hurtado to the ground, and handcuffed and hooded him. The officers allegedly then beat Mr. Hurtado until he lost consciousness, and he was not allowed to change out of his dirty clothes for at least a day. Mr. Hurtado asked to see …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Inhuman treatment, Law enforcement, Police
Download Judgment: English

Toonen v. Australia

Country: Australia
Year: 1994
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: CCPR/C/50/D/488/1992
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Nicholas Toonen was a gay man, HIV/AIDS activist, and LGBT rights activist living in Tasmania. Tasmania criminalized same-sex sexual conduct among men under ss 122 and 123 its criminal code; it was the last remaining state or territory of Australia to do so, the remainder having repealed such laws. Toonen brought a communication before the …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Awareness, Criminalization, Gay, Health education, Health promotion, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Homosexual, Law enforcement, LGBTI, Most-at-risk, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Queer, Sexual orientation, Sodomy
Download Judgment: English

Pottinger v. City of Miami

Country: United States
Year: 1992
Court: United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida
Citation: 810 F. Supp. 1551 (S.D. Fla. 1992)
Health Topics: Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to property
Facts:

The plaintiffs brought a class action lawsuit on behalf of themselves and about 6,000 other homeless persons against the City of Miami, Florida. They claimed that by arresting and seizing the property of the plaintiffs, the City’s police officers violated the plaintiffs’ rights under the United States and Florida Constitutions. The plaintiffs claimed that it …Read more

Tags: Criminalization, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Forced displacement, Humiliating treatment, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Law enforcement, Low income, Police, Poor, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Doe v. Attorney General of the US

Country: United States
Year: 1991
Court: 9th Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 941 F.2d 780 (1991)
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to privacy
Facts:

John Doe brought a lawsuit against the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and Agent Held alleging that they discriminated against him by ceasing to send agents to him for physical examinations because of his AIDS. John Doe was a physician who gave physical examinations to FBI agents and to potential agents in the hiring process. …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Clinics, Confidentiality, Disabled, Employment, Examination, Handicapped, Health care professionals, Health care workers, HIV, HIV positive, Law enforcement, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV
Download Judgment: English

W v. Egdell

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1990
Court: Court of Appeal, Civil Division
Citation: [1989] EWCA Civ 13; [1990] 2 WLR 471; [1990] Ch 359; [1990] 1 All ER 835
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

W pled guilty to manslaughter on the grounds of diminished responsibility for the indiscriminate killing of several people. He was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia and was detained indefinitely in mental hospitals. A Mental Health Tribunal recommended W’s transfer to a regional secure unit (“RSU”) in 1984. The Secretary of State refused to consent to W’s …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Examination, Health records, Insanity, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Law enforcement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Medical records, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Non-disclosure, Paranoia, Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychosis, Schizophrenia, Secrecy
Download Judgment: English