63 judgments found.

Youngberg v. Romeo

Country: United States
Year: 1982
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 457 U.S. 307 (1982)
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Respondent, Romeo, a severely mentally retarded adult male, was involuntarily committed to the Pennhurst State School and Hospital (Pennhurst), pursuant to the applicable involuntary commitment provision of the Pennsylvania Mental Health and Mental Retardation Act. While at Pennhurst, Respondent was injured on several occasions through his own violence and the reaction of other residents. He …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel and unusual punishment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Torture
Download Judgment: English

X v. The United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1981
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 7215/75, 4 Eur. H.R. Rep. 188 (1982).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant, a United Kingdom national who had previously been diagnosed with having a paranoid psychosis, claimed that the United Kingdom unlawfully deprived him of his liberty when authorities forcibly recalled him to a hospital for the criminally insane in which he had completed a prior sentence for a violent crime. At the time of …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Jail, Mandatory confinement, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Paranoia, Psychiatry, Psychology, Schizophrenia, Torture
Download Judgment: English French

Winterwerp v. Netherlands

Country: Netherlands
Year: 1979
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 6301/73; (1979) 2 EHRR 387; [1979] ECHR 4
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Winterwerp brought an action against the Netherlands following his detention in a psychiatric hospital. Winterwerp was committed to a psychiatric hospital in accordance with the emergency procedure then in force under the Act on State Supervision of Mentally Ill Persons. Six weeks later, during Winterwerp’s emergency detention, his wife applied for his provisional detention at …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Detainee, Detention, Incompetence, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Psychiatry, Psychology