92 judgments found.

Gajda v. Manhattan

Country: United States
Year: 2005
Court: 2nd Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 396 F.3d 187 (2005)
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

Plaintiff Gajda, a bus driver for Defendant, challenged the District Court finding that it was “consistent with business necessity” under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), § 12112(d)(4), for the Defendant to require the Plaintiff to disclose the results of his HIV-related laboratory tests. The relevant provision of the ADA states that “[a] covered entity …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Employment, Health information, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Medical records, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Secrecy, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Leonel v. American Airlines

Country: United States
Year: 2005
Court: 9th Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 400 F.3d 702 (2005)
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

The Appellants, Leonel and others, were persons living with HIV. They applied for and were granted offers for flight attendant positions with American Airlines (American). Upon discovery of their HIV-positive status, American rescinded Appellants’ job offers, citing their failure to disclose information during their medical examinations. The Appellants had originally been given conditional offers of …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Employment, Health information, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Medical records, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Secrecy, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Mr. X v. Chairman, State Level Police Recruitment Board and Ors

Country: India
Year: 2005
Court: High Court - Andhra Pradesh
Citation: 2006 (2) ALD 513; 2006 (2) ALT 82
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Occupational health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to life, Right to work
Facts:

Mr. X, the Petitioner,  was an armed reserve police constable and had applied for the post of stipendiary cadet trainee sub-inspector of police (civil). He passed the physical test and the written exam, on the basis of which he was provisionally selected for the post. During the medical examination, however, he tested positive for HIV. …Read more

Tags: HIV positive, HIV status, Occupational health and safety, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

N (FC) v. Secretary of State for the Home Department

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2005
Court: House of Lords
Citation: [2005] UKHL 31
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to health
Facts:

N, a Ugandan woman, came to London in Mach 1998 seeking asylum. Her application for asylum was rejected and the Secretary of State proposed to expel her. N was suffering from advanced HIV/AIDS, but had achieved a stable condition due to the extensive medical treatment and medication she had been receiving in the UK. If …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Asylum, Degrading treatment, Essential medicines, First-line treatment, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Immigration, Inhuman treatment, Migrants, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Refugees, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Pehle v. Farm Bureau Life Insurance

Country: United States
Year: 2005
Court: 10th Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 397 F.3d 897 (2005)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medical malpractice
Facts:

Gary and Renna Pehle (“Appellants”), husband and wife, applied for life insurance with the Farm Bureau Life Insurance Company (“Farm Bureau”) in Wyoming in 1999. As part of the application process, the Pehle’s submitted a blood test. The test was contracted to LabOne, an independent company located in Kansas. Both Appellants tested positive for Human …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Duty of care, Health records, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Medical records, Negligence, Sexually transmitted diseases, Testing
Download Judgment: English

G. v. New India Assurance

Country: India
Year: 2004
Court: High Court - Bombay
Citation: Writ Petition No. 1562 of 1999
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Occupational health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to work
Facts:

G, the Petitioner, was the wife of an employee who died while he was employed in New India Assurance Company, the Respondent Company. The Petitioner applied for employment on compassionate grounds in the Respondent Company but was rejected. The Respondent Company’s doctor had advised that since the Petitioner had tested positive for HIV, she was …Read more

Tags: Employment, HIV positive, HIV status, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Gelfmann v. France

Country: France
Year: 2004
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 25875/03, Eur. Ct. H.R. 679 (2008).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The applicant, a prisoner, alleged violation of Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights when his application for pardon on medical grounds was refused. Applicant contracted HIV nine years prior to being sentenced to 20 years of imprisonment. Because applicant refused to undergo a medical exam or release access to his medical records, …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Examination, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English French

Harvey v. PD 

Country: Australia
Year: 2004
Court: Supreme Court of New South Wales
Citation: 59 NSWLR 639;[2004] NSWCA 97 
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The Respondent, PD, was a patient of the Alpha Medical Centre (the Centre) from October 1997 until February 1999. On 16 November 1998, she participated in a joint medical consultation with her husband-to-be, FH. The Appellants, Dr. Harvey and Dr. Chen, were their treating physicians. The couple met with Dr. Harvey for the purpose of …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Compensation, Confidentiality, Damages, Disclosure, Duty of care, Health information, Hepatitis, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Informed choice, Negligence, Non-disclosure, Patient choice, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Remedies, Secrecy, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, Standard of care, STDs, STIs, Tort, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

J.A.O. v. Homepark Caterers LTD, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2004
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: J.A.O v. Homepark Caterers LTD & 2 Ors., (2004) eKLR (Kenya).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Plaintiff, J.A.O., was a woman living with HIV. The Defendants were her employer (Homepark Caterers), her doctor and hospital. The Plaintiff claimed the doctor and hospital subjected her to an HIV test without her consent, in violation of her constitutional right to privacy. She further claimed that the doctor disclosed her HIV status to her employer without …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Confidentiality, Degrading treatment, Diagnostics, Disclosure, Examination, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health data, Health facilities, Health records, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Humiliating treatment, Inhuman treatment, Medical records, Non-disclosure, Notification, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Secrecy, Testing
Download Judgment: English

Odafe and Others v. Attorney-General and Others

Country: Nigeria
Year: 2004
Court: High Court, Port Harcourt Division
Citation: Suit No. FHC/PH/CS/680/2003; (2004) AHRLR 205 (NgHC 2004) 
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Applicants were detainees living with HIV. They had been awaiting trial for up to four years. The Applicants claimed that their continuous detention and segregation from the general prison population was a violation of their rights to dignity of the human person and freedom from discrimination in sections 34(1)(a) and 42(1) of the Constitution. …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Torture
Download Judgment: English