180 judgments found.

Case 39/84

Country: Portugal
Year: 1984
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: Acórdão N.º 39/84
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The President wished to remove significant portions of Law No. 56/79 that established the National Health Service. The law was created by parliament and thus the President argued that the parliament holds all power to alter or remove the law. The President also intended to repeal and replace Law No. 488/75, but the constitutionality of …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Budget, Health expenditures, Health funding
Download Judgment: Portuguese

Schweiker v. Hogan

Country: United States
Year: 1982
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 457 U.S. 569 (1982)
Health Topics: Aging, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to social security
Facts:

The Respondents brought this suit challenging the constitutional validity of § 1903(f) of the Social Security Act (the Act); they claimed it violated the equal protection component of the Fifth Amendment. Under the Medicaid program, States were required to provide Medicaid coverage to certain individuals described as the “categorically needy” and, at their discretion, could …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Aged persons, Blind, Budget, Disabled, Elderly, Handicapped, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Indigent, Low income, Older persons, Physically challenged, Poor, Secondary care, Senior citizens, Subsidies, Tertiary care
Download Judgment: English

Harris v. McRae

Country: United States
Year: 1980
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 448 U.S. 297 (1980)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy, Right to social security
Facts:

The Respondent, McRae, a Medicaid recipient seeking an abortion, brought a class action suit challenging the constitutional validity of the ‘Hyde Amendment’, which prohibited federal reimbursement under the Medicaid system for some abortions which were medically necessary. As established by an amendment to Title XIX of the Social Security Act in 1965, the Medicaid system …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Family planning, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Indigent, Low income, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Poor, Pregnancy, Subsidies, Termination of pregnancy, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English

Ramos v. Lamm

Country: United States
Year: 1980
Court: 10th Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 639 F.2d 559 (1980)
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Mental health, Prisons, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to food, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

This case was an appeal by the State of Colorado (“Colorado”) and Colorado prison officials, challenging an order from the Colorado Federal District Court directing the State of Colorado to close the maximum security unit of the Colorado State Penitentiary at Canon City (“Old Max”). Inmate Fidel Ramos filed a complaint alleging that the conditions …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Assault, Budget, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Emergency care, Food, Food safety, Garbage, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health spending, Imprisonment, Inappropriate treatment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Misdiagnosis, Prison conditions, Psychiatry, Psychology, Sewage, Trash, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Beal v. Doe

Country: United States
Year: 1977
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 432 U.S. 438 (1977)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy, Right to social security
Facts:

Title XIX of the Social Security Act establishes the Medicaid program under which participating States may provide federally funded medical assistance to needy persons. Title XIX requires that state Medicaid plans establish “reasonable standards . . . for determining . . . the extent of medical assistance under the plan which . . . are …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Family planning, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Indigent, Low income, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Poor, Pregnancy, Subsidies, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Maher v. Roe

Country: United States
Year: 1977
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 432 U.S. 464 (1977)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy, Right to social security
Facts:

Petitioners challenged the constitutional validity of regulations contained in the Social Security Act (‘the Act’) of Connecticut which limited Medicaid benefits for first trimester abortions to those that are “medically necessary”. For a benefit to be paid, the regulations required the submission of a written request by the pregnant woman, a physician’s certificate of medical …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Family planning, Health expenditures, Health funding, Indigent, Low income, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Poor, Pregnancy, Subsidies, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Poelker v. Doe

Country: United States
Year: 1977
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 432 U.S. 519 (1977)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to social security
Facts:

The Respondent brought a class action suit alleging constitutional rights violations after her request for a nontherapeutic abortion was refused by a public hospital in St. Louis.  Doe’s inability to obtain an abortion resulted from two factors, a personally motivated policy directive by the Mayor which prohibited the performance of abortions in the city hospitals …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Family planning, Health expenditures, Health funding, Indigent, Low income, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Poor, Pregnancy, Subsidies, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

X. v. Ireland

Country: Ireland
Year: 1976
Court: European Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 6839/74
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

The applicant argued that the refusal of the authorities to give her disabled daughter a medical card constituted a breach of her daughter’s right to life guaranteed by Article 2 (right to life) of the European Convention of Human Rights (“the Convention”). The applicant’s daughter suffered from a serious deformation of the larynx, which prevented …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Children, Disabled, Handicapped, Health funding, Health insurance, Infant health, Minor, Noncommunicable diseases, Pediatric health, Physically challenged
Download Judgment: English French

Memorial Hospital v. Maricopa County

Country: United States
Year: 1974
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 415 U.S. 250 (1974)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of movement and residence
Facts:

The appellants, Henry Evaro and Memorial Hospital, brought an action against Maricopa County challenging the constitutionality of a provision in an Arizona statute requiring 12 months residence in a county before medical care is provided to an indigent person in non-emergency situations. Evaro, an indigent person, suffered from chronic asthma and bronchial illness. In June …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health regulation, Health spending, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Wyatt v. Stickney

Country: United States
Year: 1972
Court: Federal District Court of Alabama
Citation: 325 F.Supp. 781 (1971)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

Plaintiffs, the guardians of patients confined at Bryce Hospital, Alabama (the Hospital) and certain employees of the Alabama Mental Health Board assigned to the Hospital, requested an order of reference for an authoritative determination of standards of the adequacy of the current and future mental treatment employed by the Hospital in effecting the right to …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Primary care, Psychiatry, Psychology, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English
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