76 judgments found.

X v. The United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1981
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 7215/75, 4 Eur. H.R. Rep. 188 (1982).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant, a United Kingdom national who had previously been diagnosed with having a paranoid psychosis, claimed that the United Kingdom unlawfully deprived him of his liberty when authorities forcibly recalled him to a hospital for the criminally insane in which he had completed a prior sentence for a violent crime. At the time of …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Jail, Mandatory confinement, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Paranoia, Psychiatry, Psychology, Schizophrenia, Torture
Download Judgment: English French

Winterwerp v. Netherlands

Country: Netherlands
Year: 1979
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 6301/73; (1979) 2 EHRR 387; [1979] ECHR 4
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Winterwerp brought an action against the Netherlands following his detention in a psychiatric hospital. Winterwerp was committed to a psychiatric hospital in accordance with the emergency procedure then in force under the Act on State Supervision of Mentally Ill Persons. Six weeks later, during Winterwerp’s emergency detention, his wife applied for his provisional detention at …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Detainee, Detention, Incompetence, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Psychiatry, Psychology

O’Connor v. Donaldson

Country: United States
Year: 1975
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 422 U.S. 563 (1975)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Respondent, Donaldson, was civilly committed to confinement as a mental patient in the Florida State Hospital in 1957; he was kept in custody against his will for nearly 15 years. Petitioner, O’Connor, the hospital’s superintendent, had repeatedly refused Donaldson’s requests to be released. Donaldson’s requests for ground privileges, occupational training, and an opportunity to discuss …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Compulsory commitment, Involuntary commitment, Mandatory commitment, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution
Download Judgment: English

Rouse v. Cameron (No. 2)

Country: United States
Year: 1967
Court: District of Columbia Circuit Court of Appeals
Citation: 387 F.2d 241 (1967)
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Petitioner Rouse brought this habeas corpus action alleging that he had been unlawfully committed to a hospital for the mentally ill because he had not voluntarily and knowingly introduced the insanity defense or authorized his attorney to do so during his trial on a misdemeanor charge of carrying a weapon without a license. When he …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Incapacity, Incompetence, Insanity, Involuntary commitment, Mandatory commitment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Psychiatry, Psychology
Download Judgment: English

Rouse v. Cameron (No. 1)

Country: United States
Year: 1966
Court: District of Columbia Circuit Court of Appeals
Citation: 373 F.2d 451 (1966)
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

In 1962, Appellant Rouse was involuntarily committed to a mental hospital pursuant to D.C. Code § 24-301 after being found not guilty by reason of insanity of carrying a dangerous weapon, a misdemeanor for which the maximum imprisonment was one year. Rouse challenged his commitment on grounds of habeas corpus; he had been confined for …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Incapacity, Incompetence, Insanity, Involuntary commitment, Mandatory commitment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Psychiatry, Psychology
Download Judgment: English

Lynch v. Overholser

Country: United States
Year: 1962
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 369 U.S. 705 (1962)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health
Facts:

Petitioner, Lynch, was committed to the District of Columbia General Hospital under D.C. Code § 24-301(a) for a mental examination to determine his competence to stand trial. Petitioner faced charges related to drawing and negotiating checks ($50 each) with the knowledge of insufficient funds and entered a plea of not guilty in the Municipal Court. …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Compulsory commitment, Involuntary commitment, Mandatory commitment, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution
Download Judgment: English