Inter-American Convention on Forced Disappearance of Persons

Inter-American Convention on Forced Disappearance of Persons, 33 I.L.M. 1429 (1994), entered into force Mar. 28, 1996.
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Year of adoption: 1994
Year of entry into force: 1996
Legal Status:


Article X

In no case may exceptional circumstances such as a state of war, the threat of war, internal political instability, or any other public emergency be invoked to justify the forced disappearance of persons. In such cases, the right to expeditious and effective judicial procedures and recourse shall be retained as a means of determining the whereabouts or state of health of a person who has been deprived of freedom, or of identifying the official who ordered or carried out such deprivation of freedom.

In pursuing such procedures or recourse, and in keeping with applicable domestic law, the competent judicial authorities shall have free and immediate access to all detention centers and to each of their units, and to all places where there is reason to believe the disappeared person might be found including places that are subject to military jurisdiction.