Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal

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Year of adoption: 1989
Year of entry into force: 1992
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Article 4

1.   (a)  Parties  exercising  their  right to  prohibit  the import  of  hazardous
wastes or other wastes for disposal shall inform the other Parties of their
decision pursuant to Article 13.
(b)   Parties shall prohibit or shall not permit the export of hazardous
wastes and other wastes to the Parties which have prohibited the import
of such wastes, when notified pursuant to subparagraph (a) above.
(c)   Parties shall prohibit or shall not permit the export of hazardous
wastes and other wastes if the State of import does not consent in writing
to  the  specific  import,  in  the  case  where  that State  of  import  has  not
prohibited the import of such wastes.

2.   Each Party shall take the appropriate measures to:
(a)   Ensure that the generation of hazardous wastes and other wastes
within it is reduced to a minimum, taking into account social, technological
and economic aspects;
b)   Ensure the  availability  of  adequate  disposal facilities, for the
environmentally sound  management  of  hazardous  wastes  and  other
wastes, that shall be located, to the extent possible, within it, whatever
the place of their disposal;
(c)   Ensure  that  persons  involved  in  the management  of  hazardous
wastes or other wastes within it take such steps as are necessary to prevent
pollution  due to  hazardous  wastes  and  other  wastes  arising  from  such
management and, if such pollution occurs, to minimize the consequences
thereof for human health and the environment;
(d)   Ensure  that  the  transboundary movement  of  hazardous  wastes
and  other  wastes  is  reduced  to  the  minimum  consistent  with  the
environmentally sound and efficient management of such wastes, and is
conducted  in  a  manner  which  will  protect  human  health  and  the
environment  against  the  adverse  effects  which  may  result  from  such
(e)   Not allow the export of hazardous wastes or other wastes to a State
or group of States belonging to an economic and/or political integration
organization  that  are  Parties,  particularly  developing  countries,  which
have prohibited by their legislation all imports, or if it has reason to believe
that  the wastes  in  question will  not  be managed  in  an  environmentally
sound  manner,  according to  criteria to  be  decided  on by  the  Parties at
their first meeting;

(f)   Require  that  information  about  a  proposed  transboundary
movement  of  hazardous  wastes  and  other  wastes  be  provided to  the
States concerned, according to Annex V A, to state clearly the effects of the
proposed movement on human health and the environment;
(g)   Prevent the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes if it has
reason to believe that the wastes in question will not be managed in an
environmentally sound manner;
(h)   Co-operate  in  activities  with  other  Parties  and  interested
organizations,  directly  and  through  the  Secretariat,  including  the
dissemination  of  information  on  the  transboundary  movement
of  hazardous  wastes  and  other  wastes,  in  order  to  improve  the
environmentally  sound management of  such wastes and to achieve  the
prevention of illegal traffic.

3.   The  Parties  consider  that  illegal  traffic  in  hazardous wastes  or  other
wastes is criminal.

4.  Each  Party  shall  take  appropriate  legal,  administrative  and  other
measures to  implement  and  enforce  the  provisions  of  this  Convention,
including  measures to  prevent  and  punish  conduct  in  contravention  of
the Convention.

5.   A  Party  shall  not  permit  hazardous  wastes  or  other  wastes to  be
exported to a non-Party or to be imported from a non-Party.

6.   The Parties agree not to allow the export of hazardous wastes or other
wastes for disposal within  the area south of 60° South latitude, whether
or not such wastes are subject to transboundary movement.

7.   Furthermore, each Party shall:
(a)   Prohibit  all  persons  under  its  national  jurisdiction  from
transporting or disposing of hazardous wastes or other wastes unless such
persons are authorized or allowed to perform such types of operations;
(b)   Require  that  hazardous  wastes  and  other  wastes  that  are  to
be  the  subject  of  a  transboundary  movement  be  packaged,  labelled,
and  transported  in  conformity  with  generally  accepted  and  recognized
international  rules  and  standards  in  the  field  of  packaging,  labelling,
and  transport,  and  that  due  account  is  taken  of  relevant  internationally
recognized practices;
(c)   Require that hazardous wastes and other wastes be accompanied
by  a  movement  document  from  the  point  at  which  a  transboundary
movement commences to the point of disposal.

8.   Each Party  shall  require  that  hazardous  wastes  or  other  wastes, to
be  exported, are  managed  in  an  environmentally  sound  manner  in  the
State of import or elsewhere. Technical guidelines for the environmentally
sound  management  of  wastes subject  to  this  Convention shall  be
decided by the Parties at their first meeting.

9.   Parties  shall  take  the  appropriate  measures  to  ensure  that  the
transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and other wastes only be
allowed if:
(a)   The State of export does not have the technical capacity and the
necessary facilities, capacity or suitable disposal sites in order to dispose of
the wastes in question in an environmentally sound and efficient manner;

(b)   The wastes in question are required as a raw material for recycling
or recovery industries in the State of import; or
(c)   The transboundary movement in question is in accordance with
other criteria to be decided by the Parties, provided those criteria do not
differ from the objectives of this Convention.

10.  The  obligation  under  this  Convention  of  States  in  which  hazardous
wastes  and  other  wastes  are  generated  to  require  that  those  wastes
are  managed  in  an  environmentally  sound  manner may  not  under any
circumstances be transferred to the States of import or transit.

11.  Nothing  in  this  Convention  shall  prevent  a  Party  from  imposing
additional  requirements  that  are  consistent  with  the  provisions  of  this
Convention, and are in accordance with the  rules of international law, in
order better to protect human health and the environment.

12.  Nothing  in  this  Convention  shall  affect  in any way  the  sovereignty
of  States  over  their  territorial  sea  established  in  accordance  with
international  law,  and  the  sovereign  rights  and  the  jurisdiction  which
States  have  in  their  exclusive  economic  zones  and  their  continental
shelves  in  accordance  with  international law,  and  the  exercise by  ships
and aircraft of all States of navigational rights and freedoms as provided for
in international law and as reflected in relevant international instruments.

13.  Parties shall undertake to review periodically the possibilities for the
reduction  of  the  amount  and/or  the  pollution  potential  of  hazardous
wastes and other wastes which are exported to other States, in particular
to developing countries.