Spain

Constitución Española [Spanish Constitution], adopted 1978.
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Section 14

Spaniards are equal before the law and may not in any way be discriminated against on account of birth, race, sex, religion, opinion or any other personal or social condition or circumstance.

Section 15

Everyone has the right to life and to physical and moral integrity, and under no circumstances may be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading punishment or treatment.

Section 17

1. Every person has the right to freedom and security.

Section 18

1. The right to honour, to personal and family privacy and to the own image is guaranteed.

Section 27

1. Everyone has the right to education.

Section 35

1. All Spaniards have the duty to work and the right to work, to the free choice of profession or trade, to advancement through work, and to a sufficient remuneration for the satisfaction of their needs and those of their families.

Under no circumstances may they be discriminated on account of their sex.

Section 39

1. The public authorities ensure social, economic and legal protection of the family.

2. The public authorities likewise ensure full protection of children, who are equal before the law, regardless of their parentage, and of mothers, whatever their marital status. The law shall provide for the possibility of the investigation of paternity.

Section 41

The public authorities shall maintain a public Social Security system for all citizens guaranteeing adequate social assistance and benefits in situations of hardship, especially in case of unemployment. Supplementary assistance and benefits shall be optional.

Section 43

1. The right to health protection is recognised.

Section 45

1. Everyone has the right to enjoy an environment suitable for the development of the person, as well as the duty to preserve it.

Section 47

All Spaniards have the right to enjoy decent and adequate housing.

Section 49

The public authorities shall carry out a policy of preventive care, treatment, rehabilitation and integration of the physically, sensorially and mentally handicapped by giving them the specialized care they require, and affording them special protection for the enjoyment of the rights granted by this Part to all citizens.

Section 50

The public authorities shall guarantee, through adequate and periodically updated pensions, a sufficient income for citizens in old age. Likewise, and without prejudice to the obligations of the families, they shall promote
their welfare through a system of social services that provides for their specific problems of health, housing, culture and leisure.

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