Nepal

Interim Constitution of Nepal, adopted and enacted 2007.
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13. Right to equality: (1) All citizens shall be equal before the law. No person shall be denied the equal protection of the laws.
(2) No discrimination shall be made against any citizen in the application of general laws on grounds of religion, color, sex, caste, tribe, origin, language or ideological conviction or any of these.
(3) The State shall not discriminate against citizens among citizens on grounds of religion, race, caste, tribe, sex, origin, language or ideological conviction or any of these.

16. Right relating to environment and health: (1) Every person shall have the right to live in a healthy environment.
(2) Every citizen shall have the right to basic health services free of cost from the State, as provided in law.
17. Right relating to education and culture: (1) Every community shall have the right to get basic education in its own mother tongue, as provided in law.

18. Rights regarding employment and social security
(2)Women, labourers, the aged, disabled as well as incapacitated and helpless citizens shall have the right to social security as provided for in the law.

20. Rights of women
(1) No woman shall be discriminated against in any way on the basis of gender.
(2) Every woman shall have the right to reproductive health and other reproductive rights.
(3) No physical, mental or other form of violence shall be inflicted on any woman, and such an act shall be punishable by law.

22. Rights of children
(2) Every child shall have the right to be nurtured, to basic health and social security.
(3) Every child shall have the right not to be subjected to physical, mental or any other form of exploitation. Any such act of exploitation shall be punishable by law and any child so treated shall be compensated as determined by law.
(4) Helpless, orphaned or mentally retarded children, children who are victims of conflict or displaced and street children at risk shall have the right to receive special privileges from the State to ensure their secure future.

26. Right against torture
(1) No person who is detained during investigation, or for trial or for any other reason, shall be subjected to physical or mental torture, or be treated in a cruel, inhuman or degrading manner.

33. Responsibilities of the State
The State shall have the following responsibilities:

(h) to pursue a policy of establishing the rights of all citizens to education, health, housing, employment and food sovereignty,

35. State policies
(1) The State shall pursue a policy of raising the standard of living of the general public by fulfilling basic needs such as education, health, transportation, housing, and employment of the people of all regions, by equitably distributing investment of economic resources for balanced development of the country.
(8) The State shall pursue a policy of encouraging maximum participation of women in national development by making special provision for their education, health and employment.
(9) The State shall pursue a policy of making special provision for social security for the protection and welfare of single women, orphans, children, the helpless, the aged, disabled, incapacitated persons and tribes on the verge of extinction.
(10) The State shall pursue a policy which will help to uplift the economically and socially backward indigenous ethnic groups [Adivasi Janajati], Madhesis, Dalits, as well as marginalized communities, and workers and farmers living below the poverty line by making provisions for reservations in education, health, housing, food security and employment for a certain period of time.

 

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