Lithuania

Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucija [Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania], adopted and enacted 1992.
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Article 21 The person of the human being shall be inviolable.
The dignity of the human being shall be protected by law.
It shall be prohibited to torture, injure a human being, degrade his dignity, subject him to cruel treatment as well as establish such punishments.
No human being may be subjected to scientific or medical experimentation without his knowledge and free consent.

Article 22 The private life of a human being shall be inviolable.

Article 29 The rights of the human being may not be restricted, nor may he be granted any privileges on the ground of gender, race, nationality, language, origin, social status, belief, convictions, or views.

Article 38 The family shall be the basis of society and the State.
Family, motherhood, fatherhood and childhood shall be under the protection and care of the State.

Article 39 The State shall take care of families that raise and bring up children at home, and shall
render them support according to the procedure established by law.
The law shall provide to working mothers a paid leave before and after childbirth as well as favourable working conditions and other concessions.
Under age children shall be protected by law.

Article 41 Education shall be compulsory for persons under the age of 16.
Education at State and municipal schools of general education, vocational schools and schools of further education shall be free of charge.

Article 48 Each human being may freely choose a job or business, and shall have the right to have proper, safe and healthy conditions at work, to receive fair pay for work and social security in the event of unemployment.

Article 49 Each working human being shall have the right to rest and leisure as well as to an annual paid leave.
The length of working time shall be established by law.

Article 52 The State shall guarantee to citizens the right to receive old age and disability pensions as
well as social assistance in the event of unemployment, sickness, widowhood, loss of the breadwinner, and in other cases provided for by laws.

Article 53 The State shall take care of people’s health and shall guarantee medical aid and services for the human being in the event of sickness. The procedure for providing medical aid to citizens free of charge at State medical establishments shall be established by law.

Article 54 The State shall take care of the protection of the natural environment, wildlife and plants, individual objects of nature and areas of particular value and shall supervise a sustainable use of natural resources, their restoration and increase.

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