Italy

Costituzione della Repubblica italiana [Constitution of the Italian Republic], adopted 1947 and enacted 1948.
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Art. 3
All citizens have equal social dignity and are equal before the law, without distinction of sex, race, language, religion, political opinion, personal and social conditions.

Art. 4
The Republic recognises the right of all citizens to work and promotes those conditions which render this right effective.

Art. 13
Personal liberty is inviolable.

Art. 29
The Republic recognises the rights of the family as a natural society founded on marriage.

Art. 32
The Republic safeguards health as a fundamental right of the individual and as a collective interest, and guarantees free medical care to the indigent.

Art. 34
Schools are open to everyone.
Primary education, given for at least eight years, is compulsory and free of tuition.

Art. 35
The Republic protects work in all its forms and practices.
It provides for the training and professional advancement of workers.

Art. 37
Working women are entitled to equal rights and, for comparable jobs, equal pay as men. Working conditions must allow women to fulfil their essential role in the family and ensure appropriate protection for the mother and child.

Art. 38
Every citizen unable to work and without the necessary means of subsistence is entitled to welfare support.

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