Hungary

Magyarország Alaptörvénye [The Fundamental Law of Hungary], adopted 2011, enacted 2012.
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FREEDOM AND RESPONSIBILITY

Article II
Human dignity shall be inviolable. Every human being shall have the right to life and human dignity; embryonic and foetal life shall be subject to protection from the moment of conception.

Article III
(1) No person shall be subjected to torture, any inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, or be enslaved. Human trafficking shall be prohibited.

Article IV
(1) Every person shall have the right to freedom and personal safety.
(2) No person shall be deprived of his or her liberty except for statutory reasons or as a result of a statutory procedure. Life imprisonment without parole shall only be imposed in relation to the commission of wilful and violent offences.

Article VI
(1) Every person shall have the right to the protection of his or her private and family life, home, relations and good reputation.

Article XI
(1) Every Hungarian citizen shall have the right to education.

Article XII
(1) Every person shall have the right to freely choose his or her work, occupation and entrepreneurial activities. Every person shall be obliged to contribute to the community’s enrichment with his or her work to the best of his or her abilities and potential.

Article XV
(1) Every person shall be equal before the law. Every human being shall have legal capacity.
(2) Hungary shall ensure fundamental rights to every person without any discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, sex, disability, language, religion, political or other views, national or social origin, financial, birth or other circumstances whatsoever.

(3) Women and men shall have equal rights.
(4) Hungary shall adopt special measures to promote the implementation of legal equality.
(5) Hungary shall adopt special measures to protect children, women, the elderly and persons living with disabilities.

Article XVI
(1) Every child shall have the right to the protection and care required for his or her proper physical, mental and moral development.

Article XIX
(1) Hungary shall strive to provide social security to all of its citizens. Every Hungarian citizen shall be entitled to statutory subsidies for maternity, illness, disability, widowhood, orphanage and unemployment not caused by his or her own actions.

Article XX
(1) Every person shall have the right to physical and mental health.

Article XXI
(1) Hungary shall recognise and enforce the right of every person to a healthy environment.

Article XXII
Hungary shall strive to provide every person with decent housing and access to public services.

 

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