Germany

Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland [Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany], adopted and enacted 1949.
Download full text: English
Year of adoption: 1949
Year of entry into force: 1949
Region:
Human rights: , , , , ,

Excerpts

Article 2
[Personal freedoms]
(1) Every person shall have the right to free development of his personality insofar as he does not violate the rights
of others or offend against the constitutional order or the moral law.
(2) Every person shall have the right to life and physical integrity.
Freedom of the person shall be inviolable. These rights may be interfered with only pursuant to a law.

Article 3
[Equality before the law]
(3) No person shall be favoured or disfavoured because of sex, parentage, race, language, homeland and origin, faith, or religious or political opinions. No person shall be disfavoured because of disability.

Article 12
[Occupational freedom]
(1) All Germans shall have the right freely to choose their occupation or profession, their place of work and their
place of training. The practice of an occupation or profession may be regulated by or pursuant to a law.
(2) No person may be required to perform work of a particular kind except within the framework of a traditional duty of
community service that applies generally and equally to all.
(3) Forced labour may be imposed only on persons deprived of their liberty by the judgment of a court.

PDF / Print