Ethopia

Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, adopted 1994 and enacted 1995.
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Article 14 Rights to life, the Security of Person and Liberty
Every person has the inviolable and inalienable right to life the security of person and liberty.
Article 15 Right to Life
Every person has the right to life. No person may be deprived of his life except as a punishment for a serious criminal offence determined by law.
Article 16 The Right of the Security of Person
Every one has the right to protection against bodily harm.
Article 17 Right to Liberty
(1) No one shall be deprived of his or her liberty except on such grounds and in accordance with such procedure as are established by law. (2) No person may be subjected to arbitrary arrest, and no person may be detained without a charge or conviction against him.
Article 18 Prohibition against Inhuman Treatment
(1) Everyone has the right to protection against cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 25 Right to Equality
All persons are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to the equal protection of the law. In this respect, the law shall guarantee to all persons equal and effective protection without discrimination on grounds of race, nation, nationality, or other social origin, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, property, birth or other status.
Article 26 Right to Privacy
(1) Everyone has the right to privacy. This right shall include the right not to be subjected to searches of his home, person or property, or the seizure of any property under his personal possession.

Article 34 Marital, Personal and Family Rights
(1) Men and women, without any distinction as to race, nation, nationality or religion, who have attained marriageable age as defined by law, have the right to marry and found a family. They have equal rights while entering into, during marriage and at the time of divorce. Laws shall be enacted to ensure the protection of rights and interests of children at the time of divorce.

Article 35 Rights of Women
(1) Women shall , in the enjoyment of rights and protections provided for by this Constitution, have equal right with men.

Article 36 Rights of Children
(1) Every child has the right:
(a) To life;
(b) To a name and nationality;
(c) To know and be cared for by his or her parents or legal guardians;
(d) Not to be subject to exploitative practices, neither to be required nor permitted to perform work which may be hazardous or harmful to his or her education, health or well-being;
(e) To be free of corporal punishment or cruel and inhumane treatment in schools and other institutions responsible for the care of children.

Article 41 Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
(1) Every Ethiopian has the right to engage freely in economic activity and to pursue a livelihood of his choice anywhere within the national territory. (2) Every Ethiopian has the right to choose his or her means of livelihood, occupation and profession.(3) Every Ethiopian national has the right to equal access to publicly funded social services. (4) The State has the obligation to allocate an ever increasing resources to provide to the public health, education and other social services. (5) The State shall, within available means, allocate resources to provide rehabilitation and assistance to the physically and mentally disabled, the aged , and to children who are left without parents or guardian. (6) The State shall pursue policies which aim to expand job opportunities for the unemployed and the poor and shall accordingly undertake programmes and public works projects. (7) The State shall undertake all measures necessary to increase opportunities for citizens to find gainful employment. (8) Ethiopian farmers and pastoralists have the right to receive fair price for their products, that would lead to improvement in their conditions of life and to enable them to obtain an equitable share of the national wealth commensurate with their contribution. This objective shall guide the State in the formulation of economic, social and development policies. (9) The State has the responsibility to protect and preserve historical and cultural legacies, and to contribute to the promotion of the arts and sports.

Article 42 Right to Labour

(a) Factory and service workers, farmers, farm labourers, other rural workers and government employees whose work compatibility allows for it and who are below a certain level of responsibility, have the right to form associations to improve their conditions of employment and economic well-being. This right includes the right to form trade unions and other associations to bargain collectively with employers or other organizations that affect their interests.

Article 43 The Right to Development
(1) The Peoples of Ethiopia as a whole, and each Nation, Nationality and People in Ethiopia in particular have the right to improved living standards and to sustainable development.

Article 44 Environmental Rights
(1) All persons have the right to a clean and healthy environment.

Article 90 Social Objectives
(1) To the extent the country’s resources permit, policies shall aim to provide all Ethiopians access to public health and education, clean water, housing, food and social security. (2) Education shall be provided in a manner that is free from any religious influence, political partisanship or cultural prejudices.

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