Armenia

Constitution of the Republic of Armenia, July 5th, 1995 as amended in November 27, 2005.
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Article 3: The human being, his or her dignity, fundamental rights and freedoms are the highest valúes. The State shall ensure the protection of fundamental human and citizen’s rights and freedoms, in conformity with the principles and norms of international law.

Article 14.1: All human beings shall be equal before the law. Discrimination based on sex, race, skin colour, ethnic or social origin, genetic features, language, religion, ideology, political or other views, membership to a national minority, property status, birth, disability, age, or other personal or social circumstances shall be prohibited.

Article 15: Everyone shall have the right to life. No one may be sentenced to death penalty or be executed.

Article 17: No one shall be subjected to torture, or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Arrested, detained persons and those deprived of liberty shall have the right to humane treatment and respect for dignity. No one may be subjected to scientific, medical or other experiments without his or her consent.

Article 18: Everyone shall — for the protection of his or her rights and freedoms — have the right to effective judicial remedies, as well as effective legal remedies before other state bodies. […] Everyone shall have the right to receive — on the grounds and as prescribed by law — the assistance of the Human Rights Defender for the protection of his or her rights and freedoms.  Everyone shall, in accordance with the international treaties of the Republic of Armenia, have the right to apply — with regard to the protection of his or her rights and freedoms — to international bodies for protection of human rights and freedoms.

Article 23: Everyone shall have the right to respect for his or her private and family life. No information — other than that provided for by law — concerning a person may be collected, kept, used or disseminated without his or her consent. Use and dissemination of information concerning a person shall be prohibited if it contradicts the purposes of collecting the information or is not provided for by law. Everyone shall have the right to acquaint himself or herself with the information — at state and local self-government bodies — concerning him or her.  Everyone shall have the right to correction of inaccurate information concerning him or her and destruction of illegally obtained information concerning him or her. Everyone shall have the right to secrecy of correspondence, telephone conversations, mail, telegraph and other communications, which may be restricted only in cases and as prescribed by law, upon a court decision.

Article 26: Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right shall include freedom to change religion or belief, and freedom — either individually or in community with others — to manifest them in preaching, church ceremonies and other rites of worship. Manifestation of this right may be limited only by law, where it is necessary to protect the public safety, health, morals or the rights and freedoms of others.

Article 27: Everyone shall have the right to freely express his or her opinion. It shall be prohibited to force a person to renounce his or her opinion or to change it. Everyone shall have the right to freedom of speech, including freedom to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media, regardless of state frontiers. Freedom of media and other means of information shall be guaranteed. The State shall guarantee the existence and operation of independent public radio and television offering the diversity of information, educational, cultural and entertainment programmes.

Article 27.1: Everyone shall have the right to file requests or recommendations with competent state and local self-government bodies and officials, with a view to protecting his or her private or public interests, and to receive an appropriate answer within a reasonable period.

Article 31: Everyone shall have the right to possess, use, dispose of, and bequeath his or her property at his or her discretion. The exercise of the right to property shall not cause damage to the environment, infringe the rights and legitimate interests of other persons, the public and the State. No one may be deprived of property, except through judicial procedure in cases provided for by law. Expropriation of property for the needs of society and the State may be carried out only in exceptional cases of paramount public interest, as prescribed by law, with prior equivalent compensation. […] Intellectual property shall be protected by law.

Article 31.1: The State shall protect the interests of consumers, take measures provided for by law to exercise quality control over goods, services and works.

Article 32: Everyone shall have the freedom to choose occupation. Every worker shall have the right to a just remuneration not lower than the minimum laid down by law, as well as to working conditions meeting the safety and hygiene requirements. For the protection of their economic, social and working interests, workers shall have the right to strike, and the procedure for the exercise thereof as well as the limitations thereon shall be prescribed by law. It shall be prohibited to admit to permanent employment children under sixteen years of age. The procedure and conditions for admitting them to temporary employment shall be prescribed by law. Forced labour shall be prohibited.

Article 33: Everyone shall have the right to rest. The maximum working time, rest days and the minimum duration of annual paid leave shall be defined by law.

Article 33.2: Everyone shall have the right to live in an environment favourable to his or her health and welfare, as well as shall be obliged to preserve and improve the environment individually and in community with others. Officials shall be liable for concealing or refusing to provide environmental information.

Article 34: Everyone shall have the right to adequate standard of living for himself or herself and his or her family, including the right to housing as well as the right to improvement of living conditions. The State shall undertake appropriate measures for the realisation of this right of citizens.

Article 35: The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society. Men and women of marriageable age shall have the right to marry and form a family with free expression of their will. They shall enjoy equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Dismissal from job for reasons connected with maternity shall be prohibited. Every woman-worker shall have the right to a paid leave in case of pregnancy and child delivery, and the right to parental leave for a new-born child, or the right to a leave for child adoption.

Article 37: Everyone shall have the right to social security in cases of old-age, disability, sickness, loss of bread-winner, unemployment and other cases provided for by law. The scope and forms of social security shall be defined by law.

Article 38: Everyone shall have the right to receive medical care and services in the manners prescribed by law. Everyone shall have the right to benefit — free of charge — from basic medical services. The list and procedure for providing thereof shall be defined by law.

Article 39: Everyone shall have the right to education.

Article 41: Everyone shall have the right to preserve his or her national and ethnic identity.

Article 48: The main tasks of the State in the economic, social and cultural spheres shall be to:

(1) protect and patronise the family, motherhood and childhood;

(2) contribute to the employment of population and to the improvement of work conditions;

(3) foster housing construction and contribute to the improvement of housing conditions of each citizen;

(4) implement healthcare programmes for the population, contribute to the establishment of conditions for effective and affordable medical service;

(5) promote the participation of the youth in the political, economic and cultural life of the country;

(6) promote the development of physical culture and sport;

(7) implement programmes for the prevention and treatment of disability, promote the participation of disabled persons in the social life;

(8) promote the development of free higher and other vocational education;

(9) promote the development of science and culture;

(10) implement a policy providing for the environmental security of present and future generations;

(11) contribute to the free communication, of everyone, with the national and universal values;

(12) ensure a decent standard of life for elderly persons.

The State shall be obliged to undertake — within its available resources — measures for the fulfilment of the tasks enshrined in this Article.

 

 

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