Afghanistan

The Constitution of Afghanistan, adopted and enacted in 2004.
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Article 7

The state shall observe the United Nations Charter, inter-state agreements, as well as international treaties to which Afghanistan has joined, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

The state shall prevent all kinds of terrorist activities, cultivation and smuggling of narcotics, and production and use of intoxicants.

 

Article 22

Any kind of discrimination and distinction between citizens of Afghanistan shall be forbidden.

The citizens of Afghanistan, man and woman, have equal rights and duties before the law.

 

Article 23

Life is the gift of God as well as the natural right of human beings. No one shall be deprived of this except by legal provision.

 

Article 29

Persecution of human beings shall be forbidden.

No one shall be allowed to or order torture, even for discovering the truth from another individual who is under investigation, arrest, detention or has been convicted to be punished.

Punishment contrary to human dignity shall be prohibited.

 

Article 34

Freedom of expression shall be inviolable.

Every Afghan shall have the right to express thoughts through speech, writing, illustrations as well as other means in accordance with provisions of this constitution.

Every Afghan shall have the right, according to provisions of law, to print and publish on subjects without prior submission to state authorities.

Directives related to the press, radio, and television as well as publications and other mass media shall be regulated by law.

 

Article 43

Education is the right of all citizens of Afghanistan, which shall be offered up to the B.A.

level in the state educational institutes free of charge by the state.

To expand balanced education as well as to provide mandatory intermediate education throughout Afghanistan, the state shall design and implement effective programs and prepare the ground for teaching mother tongues in areas where they are spoken.

 

Article 48

Work is the right of every Afghan.

Working hours, paid holidays, employment and employee rights and related matters shall be regulated by the law.

Choice of occupation and craft shall be free within the bounds of law.

 

Article 52

The state shall provide free preventative healthcare and treatment of diseases as well as medical facilities to all citizens in accordance with the provisions the law. Establishment and expansion of private medical services as well as health centers shall be encouraged and protected by the state in accordance with the provisions of the law. The state shall adopt necessary measures to foster healthy physical education and development of the national as well as local sports.

 

Articles 53

The state shall adopt necessary measures to regulate medical services as well as financial aid to survivors of martyrs and missing persons, and for reintegration of the disabled and handicapped and their active participation in society, s in accordance with provisions of the law.

The state shall guarantee the rights of retirees, and shall render necessary aid to the elderly, women without caretaker, disabled and handicapped as well as poor orphans, in accordance with provisions of the law.

 

Article 54

Family is the fundamental pillar of the society, and shall be protected by the state.

The state shall adopt necessary measures to attain the physical and spiritual health of the family, especially of the child and mother, upbringing of children, as well as the elimination of related traditions contrary to the principles of the sacred religion of Islam.

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