32 judgments found.

Nelson v. Livermore

Country: Canada
Year: 2017
Court: Ontario Court of Appeal
Citation: 2017 ONCA 712
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Informed consent, Mental health, Prisons, Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Rodney Nelson sought judicial review of his involuntary admission to a psychiatric hospital under Ontario’s Mental Health Act (“MHA”) and an order for his immediate release due to rights infringements. Nelson had a lengthy history of crimes with many violent offences, including sexual offences against women and children. A psychiatrist completed an application for psychiatric …Read more

Tags: Assault, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory treatment, Cruel and unusual punishment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, Examination, Forced treatment, Health regulation, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Molestation, Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychosis, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Threat of violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Hall v. Florida

Country: United States
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 572 U.S. ___ (2014); 134 S.Ct. 1986
Health Topics: Disabilities, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The petitioner and his accomplice kidnapped, beat, raped, and murdered a pregnant woman before driving to a convenience store, which they planned to rob. In the parking lot of the store, they killed a sheriff’s deputy who attempted to apprehend them. The petitioner received the death penalty for both murders. He argued that he could …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Execution, Mental competence, Mental retardation
Download Judgment: English

M.H. v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 11577/06
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant was severely disabled as a result of Down’s Syndrome. The applicant lived with her mother, her nearest relative. She often exhibited difficult behavior and towards the end of 2002 social workers had become extremely concerned about the impact on the physical and mental health of the applicant and her mother. On 31 January …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Detainee, Detention, Incapacity, Involuntary commitment, Mandatory commitment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Psychiatry
Download Judgment: English

Munjaz v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 2913/06; [2012] ECHR 1704
Health Topics: Hospitals, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The Applicant, a UK citizen born in 1947, alleged that the seclusion policy (“Policy”) of Ashworth Special Hospital (“Ashworth”), the maximum security hospital where he was committed for a mental illness, violated the European Convention on Human Rights. After several instances of incarceration and hospitalization on account of various mental health issues, the applicant was …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Incompetence, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Isolation, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Psychiatry, Psychology, Public hospitals, Seclusion, Torture
Download Judgment: English

R v. DAI

Country: Canada
Year: 2012
Court: The Supreme Court of Canada
Citation: [2012] SCC 5
Health Topics: Disabilities, Mental health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The Crown alleged that the complainant, a 26-year-old woman with the mental age of a three to 6-year-old was repeatedly sexually assaulted by her mother’s partner D.A.I during the four years that he lived in their home. The Crown sought to call the complainant to testify about the alleged assaults. The trial judge found that …Read more

Tags: Assault, Competence to testify, Differently abled, Disabled, Handicapped, Incapacity, Incompetence, Law enforcement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental retardation, Psychology, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

The Kenya Society for the Mentally Handicapped (KSMH) v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition 155A of 2011
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to education, Right to health
Facts:

The petitioners, the Kenya Society for the Mentally Handicapped, brought suit against the Kenyan government for violating the rights of Kenyans with intellectual, mental and psychosocial disabilities. They brought suit against six respondents: the National Council for Persons with Disabilities for not implementing measures that address the needs of people with mental disabilities, formulate policies to …Read more

Tags: Budget, Mental disability, Mental institution, Mental retardation
Download Judgment: English

Centre For Health, Human Rights and Development (CEHURD), et al. v. The Attorney General

Country: Uganda
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: Constitutional Petition No. 64 of 2011
Health Topics: Disabilities, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The Centre for Health, Human Rights and Development (“CEHURD”) alleged that Uganda passed laws that were (1) degrading to mentally challenged individuals and (2) contrary to the Ugandan Constitution (“Constitution”). The factual issue at hand involved the claim that people with mental disabilities were being detained for long and indefinite periods of time without due …Read more

Tags: Compulsory confinement, Cruel and unusual punishment, Degrading treatment, Differently abled, Disabled, Handicapped, Humiliating treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental retardation
Download Judgment: English

Case T-974/10

Country: Colombia
Year: 2010
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: Corte Constitucional [C.C.][Constitutional Court], Sala Séptima de Revisión de Tutelas noviembre 30, 2010, M.P.: Jorge Ignacio Pretelt Chaljub, Sentencia T-974/10 (Colom.).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Mental health, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to education, Right to health
Facts:

The applicant, a Colombian woman, tutela action (appeal for legal protection) on behalf of her daughter against EPS Coomeva, a health care provider in Colombia. The child was diagnosed with cognitive disabilities, which required, according to the Fundación Integrar de Medellín, an institution specialized in the care of patients, that the child receive special education …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Disabled, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Low income, Mental retardation, Minor, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Pediatric health, Physically challenged, Poor, Subsidies, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: Spanish

Centrale Raad van Beroep [Central Appeals Tribunal], 20 October 2010, LJN:BO3581

Country: Netherlands
Year: 2010
Court: Central Administrative Tribunal
Citation: Centrale Raad van Beroep, 20 October 2010, LJN BO3581, 09/365 AWBZ & 09/3626 AWBZ
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to education, Right to privacy, Right to social security
Facts:

A., a boy born in the Netherlands to a Nigerian immigrant mother, was diagnosed with an autistic disorder and an intellectual deficiency. As a result, A. required counseling programs as a supplement to traditional schooling by the Dutch Care Needs Assessment Centre (“CAC”). A. made a request for a residence permit under the Dutch Aliens …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Counseling, Health insurance, Immigration, Mental disability, Mental retardation, Migrants, Minor
Download Judgment: English Dutch

Suchita Srivastava v. Chandigarh Administration

Country: India
Year: 2009
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: (2009) 14 SCR 989
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The matter pertained to a 19-20 year old, “mentally retarded”, woman (the victim) whose mental capacity was that of a nine year old. She was living in a welfare institution (the Institution) established by the Chandigarh Administration, having previously lived in a government institute for mentally retarded children. She became pregnant while living in the …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Forced abortion, Mental retardation, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Rape
Download Judgment: English
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