92 judgments found.

Ibrogimov v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2018
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 32248/12
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to family life
Facts:

The applicant, born in Uzbekistan. His family (except him) acquired Russian nationality but he continued to live with his grandfather in Uzbekistan. After his grandfather died, he moved to Russia in 2011. He was found to be HIV-positive and the authority denied his applicant for temporary residency. His challenges to the orders were dismissed and …Read more

Tags: AIDS, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Most-at-risk, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Caleb Orozco v. Attorney General of Belize

Country: Belize
Year: 2016
Court: Supreme Court of Belize
Citation: Claim 668 of 2010
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of expression, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Claimant, Caleb Orozco, a citizen of Belize was a homosexual male and a health educator. In the Supreme Court of Belize, he challenged the constitutional validity of Section 53 of the Belize Criminal Code to the extent that it criminalized anal sex between two consenting male adults. Section 53 of the Criminal Code stated …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Assault, Buggery, Bullying, Counselling, Depression, Diagnostics, Gay, Hazing, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Homosexual, Lesbian, LGBTI, Molestation, Most-at-risk, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/ AIDS, PLHIV, Queer, Rape, Secrecy, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual orientation, Sexual violence, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sodomy, STDs, STIs, Transmission, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

E.L v. The Republic

Country: Malawi
Year: 2016
Court: High Court of Malawi, Zomba District Registry
Citation: [2016] MWHC 656
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The appellant was convicted and sentenced to nine months of imprisonment under Section 192 of the Malawian Penal Code. Section 192 made it an offence to negligently engage in an act, which was likely to spread a dangerous life-threatening disease. E.L (the appellant) was HIV positive undergoing Anti Retroviral Treatment (ART). It was alleged that …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Breast feeding, Children, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Infant health, Minor, Most-at-risk, Pediatric health, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Kenya Legal and Ethical Network on HIV and AIDS (KELIN) & Others v. Cabinet Secretary-Ministry of Health & Others

Country: Kenya
Year: 2016
Court: High Court of Kenya at Nairobi, Constitutional and Human Rights Division
Citation: Petition No. 250 of 2015 (2016)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to privacy
Facts:

President Kenyatta issued a directive to national government entities to prepare a report collecting data on all school-going children who were living with HIV and AIDS. Further the directive also mandated data on the guardians of such children, expectant mothers living with HIV and breastfeeding mothers who are HIV positive. The data was to be …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Awareness, Children, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Electronic health information, Electronic health records, Health data, Health records, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Medical records, Minor, Most-at-risk, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Novruk and others v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2016
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Applications nos. 31039/11, 48511/11, 76810/12, 14618/13 and 13817/14
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to family life
Facts:

The first applicant-Novruk, a Moldovian national after his first marriage and divorce, married Ms. S, a Russian national. The applicant discovered that he was HIV positive. Ms. S had a daughter from previous marriage and also was a foster mother to nine orphaned children. Some of the children were HIV positive. The applicant applied for …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Health data, Health records, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Medical records, Most-at-risk, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Attorney General, et al. v. Dickson Tapela, et al.

Country: Botswana
Year: 2015
Court: Court of Appeal of the Republic of Botswana at Gaborone
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Case 1: Tapela and Piye, two Zimbabwean nationals imprisoned in Botswana, both contracted HIV in prison. They were refused antiretroviral treatment for their condition based on a internal directive issued by the national government to all public medical institutions and personnel on March 26, 2004, indicating that testing, assessment, and treatment with antiretroviral and highly active …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, People living with HIV/AIDS, Testing
Download Judgment: English

L.G v. Republic of Korea

Country: South Korea
Year: 2015
Court: Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
Citation: Communication No. 51/2012; U.N. Doc. CERD/C/86/D/51/2012
Health Topics: Controlled substances, HIV/AIDS, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to work
Facts:

L.G, a New Zealand national, was employed as an English teacher in the Republic of Korea. She held an E-2 working visa for “native speaker conversation instructors.” Korea required all persons holding an E-2 working visa to undergo testing for HIV/AIDS and illegal drugs at a government hospital before they could register as alien residents …Read more

Tags: Compulsory testing, Drug use, HIV status, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Non-consensual testing and treatment, People who use drugs
Download Judgment: English

Centre For Legal Resources On Behalf of Valentin Câmpeanu v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2014
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: ECHR 222 (2014)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The application was lodged by Centre for Legal Resources (CLR) on behalf of Campeanu, who was born in 1985 and died in 2004. He was abandoned at birth and was diagnosed as being HIV positive and suffered from a mental disability. In 2003, Mr. Campeanu had to leave the centre. Two assessments of his health …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to healthcare, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Clinics, Health facilities, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Negligence, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV
Download Judgment: English

Government of the Republic of Namibia v. LM, et al.

Country: Namibia
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: (SA 49/2012) [2014] NASC 19
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Three Namibian women who were all pregnant and HIV-positive were sterilized at State hospitals after giving birth. The women claimed they were sterilized without their informed consent, and that they were sterilized due to their HIV-positive status. The first woman said that her doctor (through her nurse) told her that all HIV-positive women must have …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Caesarean, Childbirth, Compulsory sterilization, Counseling, Emergency care, Forced sterilization, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health education, Health records, HIV positive, HIV status, Informed choice, Mandatory sterilization, Medical records, Patient choice, Public hospitals, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Rhoades v. Iowa

Country: United States
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court of Iowa
Citation: No. 12-0180
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Rhoades was diagnosed with HIV in 1998 and began receiving treatment for the disease from the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics every three to six months beginning in 2005. In 2008, Rhoades was informed that his viral load was non-detectible. Later that year, he met A.P. on a social networking cite that listed Rhoades …Read more

Tags: Buggery, Condoms, Disclosure, Gay, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Homosexual, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, Sodomy, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English
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