59 judgments found.

Case of Angel Alberto Duque (Report on the merits)

Country: Colombia
Year: 2014
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 5/14
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

Duque and his same-sex partner lived together as a couple for over ten years, until his partner died from AIDS. Four years prior to the death, Duque was diagnosed with HIV and was being treated under support from his partner. When his partner died, Duque asked the COLFONDOS (the pension service) to ask what requirements …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Domestic partnership, Gay, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Homosexual, LGBTI, Low income, Out-of-pocket expenditures, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Poor, Queer, Sexual orientation, Social security
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Centre For Legal Resources On Behalf of Valentin Câmpeanu v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2014
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: ECHR 222 (2014)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The application was lodged by Centre for Legal Resources (CLR) on behalf of Campeanu, who was born in 1985 and died in 2004. He was abandoned at birth and was diagnosed as being HIV positive and suffered from a mental disability. In 2003, Mr. Campeanu had to leave the centre. Two assessments of his health …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to healthcare, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Clinics, Health facilities, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Negligence, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV
Download Judgment: English

Tapela, et al. v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Botswana
Year: 2014
Court: High Court
Citation: (MAHGB-000057-14), BWHC 1 (2014)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The applicants, two prisoners with HIV and an interested non-governmental organization, complain that the policy of denying Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (“HAART”) to non-citizen inmates is a violation of the rights of such non-citizen prisoners under the Constitution of Botswana. HAART is a drug treatment that helps control HIV mutation and reduces the likelihood of …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, ARVs, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Health expenditures, HIV, HIV positive, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, TB, Transmission, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

Joyce Nawila Chiti v. Zambia

Country: Zambia
Year: 2012
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication no. 1303/2004
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to education, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

On 28 October 1997, JC (a military officer) was arrested by Zambian police for an attempted coup d’état. He was severely tortured and charged with treason. While being tortured, he was forced to sign false confessions and to implicate other military officials. Because of the torture, he was hospitalized at various times. On 31 October …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Asylum, Cancer, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Execution, Forced disappearance, Forced displacement, HIV, HIV positive, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, Malnutrition, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Police, Prison conditions, Refugees, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Koryak v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2012
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application number 24677/10
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant was arrested and convicted of murder. The applicant alleged that he had not received proper medical attention while in detention and his detention and refusal to release despite his serious medical condition amounted to cruel treatment. He was sentenced to ten years of imprisonment in 2004. The applicant had been suffering from Tuberculosis …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Health facilities, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Imprisonment, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Lung disease, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Prison conditions, TB, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

Patricia Asero Ochieng, et al. v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition 409 of 2009
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Petitioners were citizens of Kenya living with HIV. They claimed that provisions of the Anti-Counterfeiting Act, 2008 (the Act) severely restricted access to affordable, essential medicines, including generic medicines for HIV-related diseases, in violation of their fundamental rights to life, dignity and health protected under articles 26(1), 28 and 43 of the Constitution of …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Children, Drug quality, Drug safety, Essential medicines, Generic drugs, HIV, HIV positive, Intellectual property, Manufacturing, Minor, Patents, Pediatric health, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Poor, Pricing, Spurious medicines, Transmission, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

R. v. Mabior

Country: Canada
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 2012 SCC 47; 2010 MBCA 93
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The Respondent was charged with nine counts of aggravated sexual assault for not disclosing his HIV-positive status to nine Complainants before engaging in sexual intercourse with them. None of the Complainants tested positive for HIV. At trial, the Respondent was convicted on six counts and acquitted on three. He was acquitted on the basis of …Read more

Tags: Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Contraception, Contraceptives, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Rape, Sexual assault, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English French

Allpass v. Mooikloof Estates (Pty) Ltd.

Country: South Africa
Year: 2011
Court: Labour Court of South Africa
Citation: Case No. JS178/09; [2011] ZALCJHB 7; 2011 (2) SA 638 (LC); [2011] 5 BLLR 462 (LC); (2011) 32 ILJ 1637 (LC)
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Applicant, Allpass, was hired as a stable yard manager and horse-riding instructor for the Respondent, Mooikloof Estates. He had 27 years of experience in horse riding, instructing and stable yard management. At the time of his hiring, the Applicant had been living with HIV for 17 years and was in a same-sex civil union. …Read more

Tags: Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Asthma, Disclosure, Gay, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Homosexual, LGBTI, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexual orientation
Download Judgment: English

Case 108-2010-R

Country: Bolivia
Year: 2010
Court: Tribunal Constitucional de Bolivia [Constitutional Tribunal of Bolivia]
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

A constitutional amparo (writ of injunctive relief) petition was brought the petitioner on behalf of his minor daughter against the Department Director of the Sexually Transmitted Infections/A.I.D.S. (“STI/AIDS”) Program, alleging violations of his daughter’s rights to life, to health, to “legal certainty,” and to petition, as guaranteed by the Bolivian Constitution. The petitioner’s daughter lived …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Children, Essential medicines, Health expenditures, Health funding, HIV, HIV positive, Indigent, Low income, Minor, Pediatric health, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Poor, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case AI 780709/RS

Country: Brazil
Year: 2010
Court: Federal Supreme Court
Citation: AI 780709/RS, Supremo Tribunal Federal [Federal Supreme Court] (2010).
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Court of Justice held the State of Rio Grande do Sul responsible for providing medicines free of charge to an individual living with HIV who was unable to afford them. The court based its decision on the rights to life and health. Considering these medications necessary for the survival of the individual, the court blocked …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Essential medicines, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV
Download Judgment: Portuguese
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