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20 judgments found.


Wong Ho Wing v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2015
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Wong Ho Wing, a Chinese citizen, was wanted by the judicial authorities of Hong Kong, China for smuggling, money laundering, bribery, and tax evasion. He was arrested at the Lima airport as he attempted to enter Peru from the United States. China and Peru had entered into an extradition treaty in 2001 that obligated both …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Suarez Peralta v. Ecuador

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2013
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Series C, No. 261, May 21, 2013
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health
Facts:

On June 28, 2000, Melba Suarez Peralta visited Dr. Emilio Guerrero Gutierrez as a result of abdomen pain, vomits, and fever. She was diagnosed with chronic appendicitis and informed she needed surgery. Three days later, she visited Guerrero in a private clinic and underwent appendix surgery performed by Dr. Jenny Bohorquez and assisted by Guerrero. …Read more

Tags: Clinics, Compensation, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health regulation, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Law enforcement, Negligence, Private hospitals, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Kichwa Peoples of the Sarayaku Community v. Ecuador

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2012
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Case No. 12.465; Series C No. 245, June 27, 2012
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Health care and health services, Medicines, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to participation, Right to property
Facts:

This case concerned the Kichwa nation of the Ecuadorian Amazon, which encompassed two Peoples who shared the same linguistic and cultural tradition. The State of Ecuador had granted a private oil company a permit to carry out oil exploration and exploitation of activities in the ancestral territory of the Kichwa nation. The State did not …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Alternative medicine, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Diet, Humiliating treatment, Indigenous groups, Indigenous medicine, Industrial waste, Inhuman treatment, Military, Pollution, Primary care, Rape, Sexual violence, Torture, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Artavia Murillo et al. v. Costa Rica

Country: Costa Rica
Year: 2012
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to family life, Right to privacy, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

This case alleged human rights violations resulting from Costa Rica’s prohibition on the practice of in vitro fertilization (“IVF”), which had been in effect in Costa Rica since 2000, following a ruling of the Constitutional Chamber of the Costa Rican Supreme Court of Justice (“Constitutional Chamber”) in which it was held that IVF violated the right to …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Fertility, In vitro fertilization, Infertility, Pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Xákmok Kásek Indigenous Community v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2010
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 214 (Aug. 24, 2010).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

Indigenous community Xákmok Kásek brought an action against the government of Paraguay before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights for failure to meet its international responsibility of timely granting the community members’ request in 1990 for a guarantee of their right to their ancestral lands. Because the government had failed to process their request, the …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Chagas, Childbirth, Children, Dehydration, Diet, Drinking water, Health insurance, Health records, Immunization, Indigenous groups, Infant health, Infant mortality, Malnutrition, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Medical records, Minor, Potable water, Pregnancy, Stunting, Tuberculosis, Vaccination, Vaccines
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Gomes Lund, et al. (Araguaia Guerrilla) v. Brazil

Country: Brazil
Year: 2010
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Series C No. 219
Health Topics: Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of expression, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

On 26 March 2009, the IACmHR submitted to the IACtHR a lawsuit against Brazil, which originated in a petition filed on 7 August 1995 by the Center for Justice and International Law (CEJIL) and Human Rights Watch/Americas. The underlying claims concerned Brazil’s alleged responsibility for the arbitrary detention, torture and forced disappearance of 70 people, …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Execution, Forced disappearance, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Military, Torture
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Laura Albán-Cornejo v. Ecuador

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2007
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 171 (Nov. 22, 2007).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to life
Facts:

On December 13, 1987, Laura Susana Albán-Cornejo was admitted to a private health institution from expressed symptoms of bacterial meningitis. On December 17, 1987, Albán-Cornejo suffered severe pain for which the resident physician prescribed a 10 mg. dose of morphine. The next day, while under medical treatment, Albán-Cornejo died. The parents, who were with their …Read more

Tags: Compensation, Damages, Duty of care, Inappropriate treatment, Meningitis, Negligence, Remedies, Standard of care
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Ximenes-Lopes v. Brazil

Country: Brazil
Year: 2006
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 149 (July 4, 2006).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

Damião Ximenes-Lopes, a person with mental illness, was hospitalized for psychiatric treatment at a private psychiatric clinic that operated within Brazil’s public health system. Ximenes-Lopes died three days following hospitalization while undergoing psychiatric treatment. He endured “inhuman and degrading” conditions and died under violent circumstances in the hands of hospital staff. Ximenes-Lopes’ sister filed a …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Clinics, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Depression, Humiliating treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary confinement, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Negligence, Private hospitals, Psychiatry, Psychology, Torture
Download Judgment: English Portuguese Spanish

Sawhoyamaxa Indigenous Community v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2006
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 146 (Mar. 29, 2006).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Medicines, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to property
Facts:

The Sawhoyamaxa, an indigenous community in Paraguay brought the case against the Paraguayan government for failing to ensure their ancestral property right.  The Sawhoyamaxa’s claim for territorial rights had been pending since 1991.  The lands at issue constituted their traditional habitat suitable for their subsistence activities, consisting of hunting, fishing, and gathering. The lands claimed …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Child development, Child mortality, Children, Clean water, Drinking water, Immunization, Indigenous groups, Malnutrition, Minor, Pharmaceuticals, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Trash, Vaccination, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Ituango Massacres v. Colombia

Country: Colombia
Year: 2006
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Inter-Am. C.H.R., (ser. C) No. 148 (Jul. 1, 2006).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disasters and emergencies, Mental health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

Petitioners, the alleged victims of violent acts that took place in a region called La Granja, alleged before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights that members of law enforcement bodies and paramilitary groups involved in the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia participated in armed raids in which they killed unarmed civilians, robbed others, and caused …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Children, Forced displacement, Humanitarian crisis, Militias, Minor, Refugees
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Miguel Castro-Castro Prison v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2006
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R., Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 160 (Nov. 25, 2006).
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Mental health, Prisons, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

During the conflict between armed groups and government forces that lasted from the 1980s until 2000, the government of Alberto Fujimori issued a law decree on April 6, 1992, ordering “the reorganization of the National Penitentiary Institute (INPE) and put[ting] the National Police of Peru in charge of the control of security at the penitentiaries.” …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Armed conflict, Assault, Childbirth, Clean water, Cleanliness, Compulsory examination, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Dehydration, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Drinking water, Emergency care, Execution, Forced examination, Health records, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Involuntary examination, Jail, Law enforcement, Maternal health, Medical records, Military, Militias, Police, Pregnancy, Prison conditions, Rape, Safe drinking water, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Solitary confinement, TB, Torture, Tuberculosis, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Caesar v. Trinidad and Tobago

Country: Trinidad and Tobago
Year: 2005
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Series C No. 123, March 11, 2005
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

C was arrested on 11 November 1983 as a suspect in connection with a rape alleged to have occurred in Trinidad a few days earlier. On 16 November 1983 he was released on bail. Between 1985 and 1986 committal proceedings took place and he was ordered to stand trial on 21 February 1986. C was …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Torture
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Yakye Axa Indigenous Community v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2005
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Yakye Axa Indigenous Cmty. v. Para., Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 125 (June 17, 2005).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Medicines, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The indigenous community of Yakye Axa, a traditional society of hunter-gatherers, was resettled as part of a development program in Paraguay started in 1979. They were displaced to lands with a natural environment and resources that were different from the Yakye Axa’s traditional territory and incompatible with their traditional means of subsistence.  They also faced …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Aged persons, Child development, Children, Clean water, Diet, Drinking water, Elderly, Food shortages, Hunger, Indigenous groups, Indigenous medicine, Indigent, Low income, Malnutrition, Minor, Older persons, Pediatric health, Poor, Potable water, Primary care, Safe drinking water, Senior citizens, Starvation, Stunting, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Moiwana Community v. Suriname

Country: Suriname
Year: 2005
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Moiwana Community v. Surin., Preliminary Objections, Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 124 (June 15, 2005).
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Mental health, Poverty, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to property
Facts:

The village of Moiwana, consisting of N’djuka people of African descent, was attacked in November 1986 by members of the armed forces of Suriname, who allegedly massacred  40 men, women and children, and “razed the village to the ground.” Members of Moiwana practiced hunting, farming, and fishing as their means of subsistence. Following the massacre, …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Assault, Forced displacement, Humanitarian crisis, Indigent, Law enforcement, Low income, Military, Militias, Police, Poor, Refugees, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Daniel David Tibi v. Ecuador

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2004
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Series C No. 114, September 7, 2004
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy, Right to property
Facts:

Daniel Tibi was a gem merchant who was arrested in 1995 while he was driving his car down a street in Quito, Ecuador. He was detained by officers of the Quito police force without a court order and taken by plane to the city of Guayaquil, 600 kilometers from Quito, where he was placed in …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Depression, Detainee, Detention, Forced disappearance, Humiliating treatment, Immigration, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, Migrants, Police, Torture
Download Judgment: English Spanish

De la Cruz-Flores v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2004
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: De la Cruz-Flores v. Peru. Merits, Reparations, and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 115 (Nov. 18, 2004).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Physician María Teresa De La Cruz Flores was detained on March 27, 1996, and charged with terrorism for providing medical services to members of Sendero Luminoso, a guerrilla group in Peru. She was prosecuted before a secret (“faceless”) judge and sentenced on November 21, 1996, to 20 years in prison under a provision that seven …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cruel treatment, Depression, Detention, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Inhuman treatment, Militias, Prison conditions, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Juvenile Reeducation Institute v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2004
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Preliminary Objections, Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 112 (Sept. 2, 2004).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Controlled substances, Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

Nine inmates died from a fire at juvenile detention center “Colonel Panchito López” Juvenile Reeducation Institute (Center), one inmate died from a bullet wound sustained at the Center, and 37 inmates sustained injuries and smoke inhalation from three fires at the Center. The Center was under the authority of the Ministry of Justice and Labor …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Addiction, Child development, Children, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Depression, Drug abuse, Drug use, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Minor, Prison conditions, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Villagrán-Morales, et al. (“Street Children”) v. Guatemala

Country: Guatemala
Year: 1999
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Merits, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 63 (Nov. 19, 1999); Inter Joint Concurring Opinion of Judges A.A. Cancado Trinidade & A. Abreu-Burelli, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 63 (Nov. 19, 1999).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Poverty, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Five youths, three of whom were minors, were “street children” abducted, tortured, and killed by State security agents.  The children lived in a sector of the city where violence and crime rate were high and where State officials commit illegal acts against “street children,” including “threats, arrests, cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment and homicides as …Read more

Tags: Assault, Children, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Execution, Forced disappearance, Health records, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Law enforcement, Low income, Medical records, Minor, Police, Poor, Torture, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Loayza-Tamayo v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 1997
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

Loayza Tamayo (L) had allegedly been confined in a tiny prison cell for twenty-three and a half hours a day for one year. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights had requested provisional measures whereby Peru would be requested to end her solitary confinement and incommunicado detention and to return her to the pavilion of the prison …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Depression, Detainee, Detention, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Jail, Prison conditions, Seclusion, Solitary confinement, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Velasquez Rodriguez v. Honduras

Country: Honduras
Year: 1988
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Series C No. 4, July 29 1989
Health Topics: Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

This case considered the practice of “forced disappearances” by the Government of Honduras, which included secret surveillance, kidnapping and executions. The Court found as proved that “[d]uring the period 1981 to 1984, 100 to 150 persons disappeared in the Republic of Honduras, and many were never heard from again.” It recognized patterns in these disappearances …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detention, Execution, Forced disappearance, Humiliating treatment, Inhuman treatment, Military, Police, Torture
Download Judgment: English Spanish
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