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104 judgments found.


Urgenda Foundation v. The State of the Netherlands (Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment)

Country: Netherlands
Year: 2015
Court: Hague District Court (Chamber for Commercial Affairs)
Citation: C/09/456689
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to family life, Right to life
Facts:

The plaintiff Urgenda, a foundation committed to a more sustainable society, brought a claim on behalf of over 800 individuals against the defendant, the state of the Netherlands, regarding climate change. Specifically, the plaintiff asked the court to rule that it would be unlawful for the defendant not to reduce annual greenhouse gas emissions by …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Climate change, Environmental degradation, Global warming, Harm reduction, Pollution
Download Judgment: English Dutch

Nyakaana v. National Environment Management Authority & 6 Ors.

Country: Uganda
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2015] UGSC 14
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to property
Facts:

The National Environment Management Authority (“NEMA”) demolished the petitioner’s house after serving notice that his residential property was in a wetland. He filed a Constitutional Petition in the Constitutional Court maintaining that his rights over his property and his right to a hearing and to an appeal had been violated. He claimed that Sections 67, …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Harm reduction, Pollution, Water pollution, Water safety
Download Judgment: English

Traube v. Germany

Country: Germany
Year: 2014
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 28711/10
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

Traube, the applicant is a German national owning and operating a farm located in Salzgitter-Bleckenstedt. In 1991, a plan-approved procedure was opened for the transformation of an iron ore mine near the applicant’s farm to be transformed into a nuclear waste repository for the final disposal of low-level and intermediate-level radioactive waste. The plans were …Read more

Tags: Environmental hazards, Nuclear radiation, Nuclear waste, Radiation, Toxic waste
Download Judgment: English

Kichwa Peoples of the Sarayaku Community v. Ecuador

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2012
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Case No. 12.465; Series C No. 245, June 27, 2012
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Health care and health services, Medicines, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to participation, Right to property
Facts:

This case concerned the Kichwa nation of the Ecuadorian Amazon, which encompassed two Peoples who shared the same linguistic and cultural tradition. The State of Ecuador had granted a private oil company a permit to carry out oil exploration and exploitation of activities in the ancestral territory of the Kichwa nation. The State did not …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Alternative medicine, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Diet, Humiliating treatment, Indigenous groups, Indigenous medicine, Industrial waste, Inhuman treatment, Military, Pollution, Primary care, Rape, Sexual violence, Torture, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case 2012 (Gyo-Hi) 267

Country: Japan
Year: 2012
Court: Fukuoka High Court
Citation: Minshu Vol. 68, No. 6
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

The governor of the Miyazaki Prefecture granted permission for a company that collects, transports, and disposes of industrial waste to establish an industrial waste treatment facility. When the company applied for permission, it submitted a document called the “Environmental Impact Survey Report,” which detailed the survey results regarding the impact of the establishment of the …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Garbage, Industrial waste, Pollution, Toxic waste, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

SERAP v. Federal Republic of Nigeria

Country: Nigeria
Year: 2012
Court: The Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
Citation: JUDGMENT N° ECW/CCJ/JUD/18/12.
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to health, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP), a non-governmental organization, filed a case against the Federal Republic of Nigeria alleging human rights violations as a result of the government’s failure to ensure adequate environmental protection in the Niger Delta due to oil spillage. SERAP alleged that decades of oil prospection and exploitation by private corporations …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Food, Food safety, Food shortages, Pollution, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Water pollution, Water safety
Download Judgment: English

Mossville Environmental Action Now v. United States

Country: United States
Year: 2010
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 43/10, Petition 242-05, March 17, 2010
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

This report addresses the admissibility of a petition that alleged the United States failed to fulfill its obligations under the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man (the Declaration) and the American Convention on Human Rights (the Convention), including protection of the right to health and equality before law. Mossville, Louisiana is a …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Biosafety, Cancer, Contamination, Heart disease, Industrial waste, Lung disease, Neurological diseases, Poisoning, Pollution, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Skin disease, Toxic waste
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case C-830/10

Country: Colombia
Year: 2010
Court: Constitutional Court of Colombia
Citation: Corte Constitucional [C.C.][Constitutional Court], Sala Plena octubre 20, 2010, M.P.: Luis Ernesto Vargas Silva, Sentencia C-830/10 (Colom.).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Controlled substances, Environmental health, Health information, Public safety, Tobacco
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to a clean environment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to development, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Petioner brought action before the Constitutional Court, challenging the constitutionality of Law 1335 of 2009, which imposes a general ban on all forms of tobacco promotion, advertisement and sponsorship and in this case, its constitutionality is being questioned. It imposes bans on behaviors aimed at promoting the consumption of a particular group of goods but …Read more

Tags: Alcohol, Cancer, Child development, Contamination, Health education, Health promotion, Heart disease, Passive smoking, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Second-hand smoke, Smoking, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: Spanish

Amparo Constitucional promovido por el Abog. Marcos Peroni Clifton bajo patrocinio del Aog. Guillermo Peroni, en representación de Philip Morris Paraguay S.A.

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2010
Court: Supreme Court of Paraguay (Constitutional Chamber)
Citation: Corte Suprema [Supreme Court], Sala Constitucional, 18 octubre 2010, Sentencia No. 776 (2010)(Para.).
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Environmental health, Tobacco
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

Petitioner, the Paraguayan subsidiary of Philip Morris, filed a Writ of Amparo challenging the constitutionality of two administrative decrees (i.e., regulations emanated from the Executive Branch) that regulated and implemented Articles 8 and 11 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), and thus provided for stronger warning/labeling requirements than those of the law …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Awareness, Health data, Smoking, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Tabacalera del Este S.A., et al. v. Poder Ejecutivo s/Amparo Constitucional

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2010
Court: Supreme Court of Paraguay (Constitutional Chamber)
Citation: Corte Suprema [Supreme Court], Sala Constitucional, 18 octubre 2010, Sentencia No. 754 (2010)(Para.).Corte Suprema [Supreme Court], Sala Constitucional, 18 octubre 2010, Sentencia No. 754 (2010)(Para.).Corte Suprema [Supreme Court], Sala Constitucional, 18 octubre 2010, Sentencia No. 754 (2010)(Para.).
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Environmental health, Tobacco
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to a clean environment, Right to health
Facts:

Petitioners were a consortium of tobacco companies that filed a Writ of Amparo challenging the constitutionality of two administrative decrees (i.e., regulations emanated from the Executive Branch) that regulated and implemented Articles 8 (Protection from exposure to tobacco smoke) and 11 (Packaging and labelling of tobacco products) of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Awareness, Health data, Health regulation, Passive smoking, Smoking, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: Spanish

Miguel Ignacio Fredes Gonzalez and Ana Andrea Tuczek Fries v. Chile

Country: Chile
Year: 2009
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 14/09, Petition 406-03, March 19, 2009; OEA/Ser.L/V/II., Doc. 51, corr. 1, 30 December 2009
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Health information, Public safety
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to participation
Facts:

Miguel Ignacia Fredes Gonzalez and Ana Andrea Tuczek Fries, among others, filed an information request with the Agriculture and Livestock Service (the “SAG”), a department of the State’s Ministry of Agriculture, requesting information and documents related to transgenic crops and their location.The national director of the SAG failed to answer the request within the time …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Biohazard, Biosafety, Contamination, Disclosure, Food safety, Freedom of information, Genetically-modified food, Non-disclosure
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Ngobe Indigenous Communities v. Panama

Country: Panama
Year: 2009
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 75/09, Petition 286-08, August 5, 2009; OEA/Ser.L/V/II., Doc. 51, corr. 1, 30 December 2009
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Public safety, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to participation, Right to property, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

In May 2007, the State of Panama, without community consultation, granted a concession for the construction of a hydroelectric dam within the traditional lands of an indigenous community, the Ngöbe. Although the construction of the dam was still in its initial stages at the time the petition was filed, the petitioner alleged that the work …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Assault, Children, Clean water, Cleanliness, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Forced displacement, Indigenous groups, Law enforcement, Lung disease, Minor, Pediatric health, Police, Pollution, Potable water, Respiratory diseases, Safe drinking water, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Community of La Oroya v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2009
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 76/09, Petition 1473-06, August 5, 2009; OEA/Ser.L/V/II., Doc. 51, corr. 1, 30 December 2009
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Health care and health services, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right to a clean environment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Petitioners alleged that environmental pollution from a metallurgical complex in La Oroya, Peru caused a series of violations of the rights of community members. They alleged Peru was guilty by act and omission for its failure to control the metallurgical complex; its lack of supervision of the facility’s operation; and its failure to adopt measures …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Asthma, Biohazard, Biosafety, Cancer, Child development, Child mortality, Children, Contamination, Diagnostics, Heart disease, Industrial waste, Infant health, Infant mortality, Infertility, Kidney disease, Lung disease, Maternal health, Minor, Neurological diseases, Poisoning, Pollution, Respiratory diseases, Skin disease, Toxic waste
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Miroslav Grcev and Stamen Filipov to the Constitutional Court

Country: Macedonia
Year: 2009
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: 261/2008-0-0
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Environmental health, Health information, Tobacco
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

This case was heard together with case 70/2009-0-0. The Petitioners, Miroslav Grcev and Stamen Filipov, challenged the constitutionality of the Anti-Smoking Law (the Law). The Law banned smoking in public premises, advertising cigarettes, and selling cigarettes to persons under the age of 16. Public premises included institutions for education, health, state administration,  public transport, and …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Air pollution, Awareness, Children, Minor, Passive smoking, Pediatric health, Second-hand smoke, Smoking, Smoking cessation, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English Macedonian

Miroslav Grcev and Stamen Filipov to the Constitutional Court

Country: Macedonia
Year: 2009
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: 70/2009-0-0
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Environmental health, Health information, Tobacco
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

This case was heard together with case 261/2008-0-0. The Petitioners, Miroslav Grcev and Stamen Filipov, challenged the constitutionality of the Anti-Smoking Law (the Law). The Law banned smoking in public premises, advertising cigarettes, and selling cigarettes to persons under the age of 16. Public premises included institutions for education, health, state administration,  public transport, and …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Air pollution, Awareness, Children, Minor, Passive smoking, Pediatric health, Second-hand smoke, Smoking, Smoking cessation, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English Macedonian

Case 2009-002

Country: Belgium
Year: 2009
Court: Constitutional Court [Court Constitutionelle]
Citation: No. 4277 & 4278. C. C., n°2009-002
Health Topics: Environmental health
Facts:

Three telecommunications companies sought to annul an ordinance passed by the Brussels Capital Region concerning the protection of the environment against the harmful effects of non-ionizing radiation. The provisions sought to restrict the levels of non-ionizing radiation produced in the environment, particularly from telecommunications equipment. The applicants alleged that the provisions adopted by the Brussels …Read more

Tags: Environmental hazard, Radiation
Download Judgment: French Flemish

Sudan Human Rights Organisation, et al. v. Sudan

Country: Sudan
Year: 2009
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: Comm. No. 279/03-296/05 (2009).
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health, Health care and health services, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The complainants, two human rights organizations based in Sudan, the United Kingdom and Canada, alleged gross and systematic violations of human rights on the part of the Republic of Sudan and Government-supported militia forces in the Darfur region against indigenous tribes, including the Fur, Marsalit and Zaghawa. The organizations alleged that since General Omar Al-Bashir …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Armed conflict, Clean water, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Drinking water, Food, Food shortages, Forced displacement, Humiliating treatment, Indigenous groups, Inhuman treatment, Militias, Poisoning, Rape, Refugees, Safe drinking water, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Torture, Violence against women, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Case 20/2009

Country: Uruguay
Year: 2009
Court: Tribunal Apelaciones Civil Sexto Turno [Sixth Civil Appellate Court]
Citation: Office of the Public Ombudsman v. MVOTMA et al. Preventive action
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

The Public Ombudsman brought a preventive action against the Ministry of Housing, Zoning and the Environment and the Municipal Government of Montevideo, for lead contamination in the soil of the neighborhood of La Teja. The contamination was discovered in 2001, and a number of measures were taken by relevant public agencies and by the executive …Read more

Tags: Children, Contamination, Environmental hazards, Industrial waste, Pediatric health, Poisoning, Pollution
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Brânduse v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2009
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 6586/03
Health Topics: Environmental health, Prisons, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to a clean environment, Right to privacy, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

B, a Romanian national, was sentenced to ten years in prison for fraud by the Court of Appeal of Timisoara. In January 2003 B lodged an application with the European Court of Human Rights based on the conditions of his detention in the prisons of Arad and Timisoara. B alleged that Romania violated Article 3 (prohibition of torture) of the European …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Cleanliness, Custody, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Pollution, Prison conditions, Sewage, Trash, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: French

Tim Kabaza, et al.. v. Chatha Investments Ltd.

Country: Uganda
Year: 2008
Court: High Court at Kampala
Citation: [2008] UGHC 122; Miscellaneous Application No. 745 of 2007
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Applicants were residents of Kyambogo Lower Estate, where they used a common facility for sanitation in the form of septic tanks. The channels leading to those tanks were located on a road reserve and the Respondent intended to erect a perimeter fence around that road reserve. Respondent was given an offer, containing certain terms and …Read more

Tags: Environmental degradation, Sewage, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Charles Lukeyen Nabori, et al. v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2008
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition 466 of 2006
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health, Health systems and financing, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right to a clean environment, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The petitioners were pastoralists and communal landowners in the Baringo District in Rift Valley Province, Kenya. The petitioners alleged that the respondents (the Attorney-General, the Minister for Environmental and Natural Resources, the National Environment Management Authority, and the County Council of Baringo) were liable for violating their rights to life (under Section 71 of the …Read more

Tags: Asthma, Budget, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Forced displacement, Herbicide, Indigenous groups, Indigent, Manmade disaster, Poisoning, Poor, Precautionary principle, Refugees, Respiratory diseases
Download Judgment: English

Auto 092/08

Country: Colombia
Year: 2008
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: Corte Constitucional [C.C.][Constitutional Court], Sala Segunda de Revisión No. 092 abril 14, 2008, M.P.: Manuel José Cepeda Espinosa, Auto 092/08 (Colom.).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to education, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to property, Right to work
Facts:

The Constitutional Court considered the persistence of an unconstitutional state of affairs with regard to forced displacement, which disproportionately affected women in Colombia. The Court originally declared an unconstitutional state of affairs in Ruling T-025 of 2004 and again in Resolution 218 of 2006. More than half the displaced people in Colombia  (54 per cent) …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Forced abortion, Forced displacement, Humiliating treatment, Indigenous groups, Inhuman treatment, Mental illness, Pregnancy, Rape, Refugees, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Torture, Violence against women
Download Judgment: Spanish

Case 14593

Country: Costa Rica
Year: 2008
Court: Supreme Court of Costa Rica (Constitutional Chamber)
Citation: Corte Suprema [Supreme Court], Sala Constitucional, 23 septiembre 2008, Sentencia 14593, Expediente: 08-012440-0007-CO (2008)(Costa Rica).
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Environmental health, Occupational health, Tobacco
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

Circular No. 03-2006 of the Municipality of Oreamuno designated an area within the public building to serve as a smoking room in accordance with Law N°7501 (1995), which provided for such spaces. The designated area was the aisle leading to the kitchen. Petitioner sought relief from the alleged violation of her right to health as …Read more

Tags: Passive smoking, Second-hand smoke, Smoking, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Biwater Gauff (Tanzania) Ltd. v. United Republic of Tanzania

Country: Tanzania
Year: 2008
Court: International Centre for Settlement of Disputes
Citation: ICSID Case No. ARB/05/22
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Facts:

Tanzania was awarded funding from the World Bank to repair, upgrade, and expand the water and sewage infrastructure of Dar es Salaam. As a condition of the funding, Tanzania was required to appoint a private company to manage and operate the infrastructure improvements. The plaintiff, a British and German company named Biwater Gauff (“BGT”), won …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Drinking water, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Waste management, Water pollution, Water-borne disease
Download Judgment: English

Mendoza, Beatriz Silvia et al. v. Estado Nacional et al.

Country: Argentina
Year: 2008
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: [2008] File M. 1569. XL
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Health information, Health systems and financing, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Residents of the Matanza-Riachulo river basin brought a class action against the National State, the Province of Buenos Aires, and the city of Buenos Aires, as well as a number of businesses, for injuries resulting from pollution of the area. A lengthy information collecting process began in 2006. The Supreme Court of Argentina found that …Read more

Tags: Budget, Cancer, Clean water, Cleanliness, Contamination, Disclosure, Drinking water, Dysentery, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Examination Electronic health information, Freedom of information, Garbage, Harm reduction, Health data, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health regulation, Health spending, Industrial waste, Lung disease, Noncommunicable diseases, Notification, Poisoning, Pollution, Potable water, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Safe drinking water, Safety regulation, Sewage, Toxic waste, Trash, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution, Water safety, Water-borne disease
Download Judgment: Spanish

Rabia Bhuiyan MP v. Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development, et al.

Country: Bangladesh
Year: 2007
Court: Supreme Court - High Court Division
Citation: 59 DLR (AD) (2007)
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Health systems and financing, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Appellant, a former Member of Parliament, filed a writ petition in the High Court of Bangladesh against the Government and other public authorities for their failure to comply with the Environment Conservation Act 1995 and the Environment Conservation Rules 1997. The petition alleged that there was widespread arsenic contamination in tube wells across the …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Contamination, Health regulation, Industrial waste, Noncommunicable diseases, Poisoning, Pollution, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Syed Mansoor Ali Shah v. Government of Punjab

Country: Pakistan
Year: 2007
Court: High Court
Citation: CLD 533
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to life
Facts:

Mr. Syed Mansoor Ali Shah petitioned the High Court at Lahore, asserting that air pollution from vehicular emissions had severely affected human life by causing citizens to suffer diseases. Under Rule 163 of the Provincial Motor Vehicles Rules 1969, the owner of a vehicle was required by law to properly maintain the vehicle so that it did not cause damage or annoyance to …Read more

Tags: Pollution
Download Judgment: English

Clean Air Foundation LTD and Another v. The Government of the HKSAR

Country: China
Year: 2007
Court: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Court of First Instance
Citation: [2007] HKCFI 757; HCAL 35/2007
Health Topics: Environmental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The applicants were a group that advocates for improvement of Hong Kong’s air quality. They alleged that the Hong Kong government did not enact adequate legislation or effective policy to combat air pollution and that this failure was a breach of the government’s legal duty to ensure the right to life and the right to …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Air safety, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Harm reduction, Pollution
Download Judgment: English

Ledyayeva, Dobrokhotova, Zolotareva and Romashina v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2007
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application Nos. 53157/99, 53247/99, 53695/00 and 56850/00
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to family life, Right to housing
Facts:

The four applicants alleged that pollution levels near their homes violated their right to respect for their private and family life under Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (“Convention”). All the applicants lived within a “sanitary security zone” around a local steel plant and were exposed to concentrations of dangerous substances above …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Air safety, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Industrial waste, Lung disease, Noncommunicable diseases, Pollution, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Safety regulation
Download Judgment: English

Mangesh G. Salodkar v. Monsanto Chemicals of India Ltd.

Country: India
Year: 2006
Court: High Court - Bombay
Citation: 2007 (2) BomCR 883
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Health information, Occupational health
Human Rights: Right to favorable working conditions, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Respondent, Monsanto Chemicals of India, was engaged in the formulation of herbicides in India. In accordance with the Insecticide Act, 1968, the Respondent had been granted statutory approval by the Central Insecticides Board. Mangesh G. Salodkar, the Petitioner was employed at Monsanto’s establishment at Lonavala. Soon after taking voluntary retirement, he suffered a brain …Read more

Tags: Health records, Occupational disease, Occupational hazards, Occupational health and safety, Pesticide, Respiratory diseases, Workers' compensation
Download Judgment: English
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