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185 judgments found.


L.G v. Republic of Korea

Country: South Korea
Year: 2015
Court: Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
Citation: Communication No. 51/2012; U.N. Doc. CERD/C/86/D/51/2012
Health Topics: Controlled substances, HIV/AIDS, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to work
Facts:

L.G, a New Zealand national, was employed as an English teacher in the Republic of Korea. She held an E-2 working visa for “native speaker conversation instructors.” Korea required all persons holding an E-2 working visa to undergo testing for HIV/AIDS and illegal drugs at a government hospital before they could register as alien residents …Read more

Tags: Compulsory testing, Drug use, HIV status, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Non-consensual testing and treatment, People who use drugs
Download Judgment: English

Uday Foundation for Congenital Defects and Rare Blood Groups v. Union of India, et al.

Country: India
Year: 2015
Court: High Court of Delhi
Citation: W.P.(C) No. 8568/2010
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health information
Human Rights: Right of access to information
Facts:

Following a petition filed by the Uday Foundation, in February 2011, the Court ordered the Union of India to state whether a global policy had been framed regarding the subject of “junk food” and the emphasis of health and nutrition in schools. The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FFSAI) responded to the Court …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Children, Diet, Food, Health education, Health promotion, Malnutrition, Obesity
Download Judgment: English

Muhamad Juzaili Bin Mohd Khamis, et al. v. State Government of Negeri Sembilan, et al.

Country: Malaysia
Year: 2015
Court: Court of Appeal
Citation: Civil Appeal No. 01-498-11/2012
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to work
Facts:

Section 66 of the Syariah Criminal Enactment of 1992 made it an offence for Muslim males to wear women’s attire or to pose as a woman in a public place. Conviction resulted in a fine or imprisonment not exceeding six months or both. The Appellants were Muslim men with Gender Identity Disorder (GID) who expressed …Read more

Tags: Gender identity, Gender identity disorder, Gender reassignment, Homosexual, LGBTI, Queer, Sexual orientation, Transgender, Transsexual
Download Judgment: English

Shatrughan Chauhan and another v. Union of India and others

Country: India
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Writ Petition 55 of 2013
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Fifteen criminal convicts sentenced to the death penalty challenged their sentences as in violation of Article 21 of the Indian Constitution, which protects the right to life. They claimed that the executive orders rejecting their mercy petitions were passed without considering supervening events, including delay, insanity, solitary confinement, and procedural lapses. Two convicts alleged that the …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Insanity, Isolation, Jail, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Psychiatry, Psychology, Schizophrenia, Solitary confinement, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Amit Ahuja v. Union of India

Country: India
Year: 2014
Court: High Court of Delhi
Citation: W.P.(C) 1507/2014 & CM APPL. 3144/2014
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The petitioner was a patient suffering from haemophilia and was receiving treatment at a government hospital. However, after he did not respond to initial treatment, the doctors discharged him, stating that they could no longer afford to administer the advanced palliative treatment (Activated Recombinant Factor VIIa) to him. This treatment would have cost 1,40,000 rupees …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Health expenditures, Health spending, Noncommunicable diseases, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Public hospitals, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English

National Legal Services Authority v. Union of India and others

Country: India
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [(2014) 5 SCC 438]
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of expression, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Members of transgender community sought a legal declaration of their gender identity, instead of the male or female identity assigned to them at the time of their birth, claiming that that non-recognition of their gender identity violated Articles 14 and 21 of the Constitution of India (the “Constitution”). Hijras and eunuchs, who were also members …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, AIDS, Gender identity, Gender reassignment, HIV, HIV positive, Intersex, LGBTI, Most-at-risk, Queer, Sex reassignment, Sexual assault, Sexual orientation, Sexual violence, Transgender, Transsexual
Download Judgment: English

Mohd Ahmed (Minor) v. Union of India, et al.

Country: India
Year: 2014
Court: High Court of Delhi
Citation: W.P.(C) 7279/2013
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medicines, Poverty
Facts:

Petitioner was a 7-year-old boy suffering from a rare genetic disease called Gaucher Disease (a type of Lysosomal Storage Disorder) which, if left untreated, would render him unlikely to survive. Although Enzyme Replacement Therapy (ERT), a monthly, lifelong treatment, would afford him a normal life, the drug, due to low demand arising from the rarity …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Child mortality, Children, Essential medicines, Genetic disease, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health regulation, Health spending, Indigent, Low income, Minor, Noncommunicable diseases, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Pediatric health, Pharmaceuticals, Poor, Pricing, Social security, Subsidies, Tertiary care, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Valetov v. Kazakhstan

Country: Kazakhstan
Year: 2014
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 2104/2011
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Nikolai Valetov, a Russian national, was arrested and charged in June 2001 with murder by Kyrgyzstan authorities while living in Kyrgyzstan. In addition to maintaining that he was framed for this crime by the police, Valetov further claimed that he was tortured by the police so severely while in pre-trial detention that he was permanently …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Asylum, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Examination, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Rape, TB, Torture, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

Bayer Corporation v. Union of India, et al.

Country: India
Year: 2014
Court: High Court of Bombay
Citation: Writ Petition No. 1323 of 2013
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

Bayer Corporation (Bayer) challenged the order(s) of 2012 and 2013 passed by the relevant statutory authority, the Controller of Patents (the Controller), granting a Compulsory License to Natco Pharmaceuticals Limited (Natco) of the drug Nexavar. Bayer developed the drug to treat patients suffering from kidney cancer. In 2008, the Controller granted a patent to Bayer …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Cancer, Generic drugs, Intellectual property, Kidney disease, Manufacturing, Patents, Pharmaceuticals, Pricing, TRIPS
Download Judgment: English

Novartis AG v. Union of India

Country: India
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Civil Appeal Nos. 2706-2716 of 2013
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

In 1998, Novartis AG, a multinational pharmaceutical company based in Switzerland, filed a patent application in India for the beta-crystalline form of imatinib mesylate, a drug used to treat chronic myeloid leukaemia, a type of blood cancer. In 2005, the Chennai Patent office heard patent oppositions to this application, including one filed by the Cancer …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Cancer, Generic drugs, Intellectual property, Manufacturing, Patents, Pharmaceuticals, Pricing, TRIPS
Download Judgment: English

Suresh Kumar Koushal and another v. Naz Foundation and others

Country: India
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Civil Appeal No. 10972 of 2013
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 (the Section) penalized voluntary “carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal” and described them as “unnatural offences.” An offence under this Section was non-bailable and carried a maximum punishment of life imprisonment. Naz Foundation, the Petitioner, was an NGO working in …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Bisexual, Buggery, Criminalization, Gay, Gender identity, HIV, Homosexual, Law enforcement, Lesbian, LGBTI, Sexual orientation, Sodomy, Transgender
Download Judgment: English

Voluntary Health Association of Punjab v. Union of India

Country: India
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Writ Petition (Civil) No. 349 of 2006
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

The order is about the problem of sex-selective abortion in India. The Court assed the present situation and the various barriers that must be taken into account when States take steps to address this problem by raising awareness of the legal status of the issue. The Parliament has taken steps to prevent sex selective abortion …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Awareness, Clinics, Counseling, Diagnostics, Forced abortion, Health care professionals, Health care technology, Health care workers, Health data, Health education, Health facilities, Health promotion, Health records, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Medical records, Pregnancy, Sex-selective abortion, Termination of pregnancy, Testing, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English

Case 55/PUU-IX/2011

Country: Indonesia
Year: 2012
Court: Constitutional Court [Mahkamah Konstitusi]
Citation: Decision No. 55/PUU-IX/2011
Health Topics: Health information, Tobacco
Human Rights: Right of access to information
Facts:

The applicants, three individuals representing companies in the clove cigarette industry, alleged that the Government’s requirements for pictorial and written health warnings on cigarette packaging violated their rights under the 1945 Constitution (the “Constitution”). Article 114 of Law Number 36 of 2009 Concerning Health (the “Health Act”) classified nicotine as an addictive substance of tobacco, …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Disclosure, Employment, Smoking, Smoking cessation, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English Indonesian

Sandesh Bansal v. Union of India and others

Country: India
Year: 2012
Court: High Court - Madhya Pradesh
Citation: Writ Petition No. 9061/2008
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medicines, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to life
Facts:

The petitioner is a social activist that works on raising concern over the high maternal mortality in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The petitioner alleged that the state’s program to reduce the maternal mortality rate (MMR) had failed to be implemented effectively in Madhya Pradesh. The petitioner had filed this petition, alleging that about …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Budget, Clean water, Clinics, Emergency care, Health care professionals, Health care technology, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health spending, Infant health, Low income, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Poor, Pregnancy, Primary care, Public hospitals, Termination of pregnancy, Unsafe abortion, Vaccination
Download Judgment: English

Gunan v. Kyrgyzstan

Country: Kyrgyzstan
Year: 2012
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 1545/2007; CCPR/C/102/D/1545/2007
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

On 21 May 1998 an unidentified person left a bag containing an improvised explosive device (‘IED’) in a minibus in Osh, Kyrgyzstan. Unaware of its contents, the driver of the minibus gave the bag to someone to hold in case the owner came back to claim it. On 1 June 1998, the IED in the …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Execution, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Jail, Police, Terrorism, Torture
Download Judgment: English Russian

Gerasimov v. Kazakhstan

Country: Kazakhstan
Year: 2012
Court: Committee Against Torture
Citation: Communication No. 433/2010; CAT/C/48/D/433/2010
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

In March 2007, the complainant went to the local police station, the Kostanai City Southern Department of Internal Affairs, where his stepson was being detained. Upon arrival, he was detained by five police officers and questioned about the death of an elderly neighbor. After stating he did not murder the women he was beaten by …Read more

Tags: Assault, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Examination, Inhuman treatment, Law enforcement, Police, Torture, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

Case 2012 (Gyo-Hi) 267

Country: Japan
Year: 2012
Court: Fukuoka High Court
Citation: Minshu Vol. 68, No. 6
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

The governor of the Miyazaki Prefecture granted permission for a company that collects, transports, and disposes of industrial waste to establish an industrial waste treatment facility. When the company applied for permission, it submitted a document called the “Environmental Impact Survey Report,” which detailed the survey results regarding the impact of the establishment of the …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Garbage, Industrial waste, Pollution, Toxic waste, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Ubamaka Edward Wilson v. Secretary for Security and Another

Country: China
Year: 2012
Court: Court of Final Appeal of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
Citation: FACV No. 15 of 2011
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

In 1991, the appellant, a Nigerian national, was arrested at the Hong Kong airport for drug trafficking, and subsequently sentenced to 24 years imprisonment. During this time, he applied several times to the Hong Kong and UK governments to be allowed to serve his sentence in Nigeria.  However, in 1998 he desisted after becoming aware …Read more

Tags: Cruel and treatment, Cruel and unusual punishment, Degrading treatment, Immigrants, Immigration, Imprisonment, Inhuman treatment, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Tan Eng Hong v. Attorney-General

Country: Singapore
Year: 2012
Court: Court of Appeal
Citation: [2012] SGCA 45
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

Tan and another man were arrested for engaging in oral sex in a public bathroom. They were charged under section 377A for the commission of an act of gross indecency with another male person. Tan’s attorney argued that section 377A was inconsistent with Article 9 of the Singapore Constitution. Soon after, the Prosecution amended the …Read more

Tags: Buggery, Gay, Homosexual, LGBTI, Queer, Sexual orientation, Sodomy
Download Judgment: English

Mr. Y and Mr. X v. Secretary to the Government, et al.

Country: India
Year: 2011
Court: High Court - Madras
Citation: 2011 (1) CTC 645
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Occupational health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to work
Facts:

Mr. Y, Petitioner No.1, was a person belonging to the backward class. He held a valid driving license and was asked to apply for an interview to the Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation, Respondent, for the post of a driver. He was asked to submit his medical fitness certificate and certificate relating to eyesight to …Read more

Tags: HIV positive, HIV status, Occupational health and safety, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Case 212 K/Pid.Sus/2011/PN.Pso

Country: Indonesia
Year: 2011
Court: Poso District Court
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Facts:

The Defendant, Rahima S. Borahima, a doctor, had been approached by Ismawati Lakadjo on 16 April 2011, who requested that the Defendant help her abort her pregnancy. Lakadjo was 20-22 weeks pregnant, and was not yet married to her boyfriend because they were waiting until they had enough money. Lakadjo testified that she had been …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Abortion technique, Criminalization, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Case 57/PUU-VIII/2010

Country: Indonesia
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to life, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

On April 3, 2010, the Indonesian Government filed the Budget Amendment Bill of 2010 in Parliament. On May 3, 2010, a Plenary Session of the House of Representatives passed an amendment to the National Budget entitled Law No. 2 of 2010 Concerning the Amendment to Law No. 47 of 2009 Regarding the National Budget for …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health promotion, Health spending, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English Indonesian

Case 12/PUU-VIII/2010

Country: Indonesia
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to housing
Facts:

The Plaintiffs were nurses and heads of rural health centers in the East Kalimantan Province of Indonesia. They challenged two provisions of Law No. 36 of 2009 Concerning Health. These were Article 108(1), which allowed only certain “health workers” to prescribe and distribute medicines, and Article 190(1), which made it an offence for workers in …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Alternative medicine, Drug quality, Drug safety, Drug testing, Emergency care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Health regulation, Pharmaceuticals, Primary care, Traditional medicine
Download Judgment: English Indonesian

Case 43/PUU-IX/2011

Country: Indonesia
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Health information, Tobacco
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to health, Right to social security
Facts:

The Plaintiffs challenged Indonesian legislative provisions regulating health warnings on cigarette packaging. The impugned provision, Article 114 of Law No. 36 of 2009 Concerning Health (the Law), required health warnings on all cigarette packaging. The Explanation Provision in the legislation defined such a health warning as one that was easily readable, and one that “may” …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Awareness, Disclosure, Health care professionals, Health education, Health promotion, Smoking, Smoking cessation, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English Indonesian

Case 822 K/Pid.Sus/2010

Country: Indonesia
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health information, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

On 7 August 2008, the Defendant, Prita Mulyasari, arrived at Omni International Hospital in Tangerang with symptoms of a fever and dizziness. She was then admitted, and through a series of unfortunate events, ended up receiving unnecessary medication and incorrect lab results under the care of Dr. Hengky. Her condition significantly worsened after an incorrect …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Criminalization, Dengue, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Inappropriate treatment, Informed choice, Misdiagnosis, Negligence, Noncommunicable diseases, Patient choice, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English Indonesian

Dr. Ajith C.S. Perera v. Attorney General and Others

Country: Sri Lanka
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: S.C. (FR) No. 221/2009
Health Topics: Disabilities
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

This case was filed by the Secretary General of IDIRIYA, Dr. Ajith C.S. Perera. IDIRIYA is a non- profit organization advocating for disability-related access issues. The Act for the Protection of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, No. 28 of 1996, together with the Disabled Persons (Accessibility) Regulations, No.1 of 2006, specify the manner …Read more

Tags: Disabled, Handicapped, Physically challenged
Download Judgment: English

Court on Its Own Motion v. Union of India

Country: India
Year: 2011
Court: High Court - Delhi
Citation: W.P.(C) 5913/2010
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Delhi High Court made its own motion because of a newspaper report about a destitute woman who died on a busy street while giving birth to a baby girl. The girl had been struggling for life at a foster home named Udayan which was located in Delhi. The Court had subsequently issued directions to …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Awareness, Childbirth, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health education, Health facilities, Health promotion, Indigent, Low income, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Poor, Pregnancy, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Turdukan Zhumbaeva v. Kyrgyzstan

Country: Kyrgyzstan
Year: 2011
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 1756/2008
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

On 24 October 2004, TM and his wife were in custody at the local police station on a public disturbance charge following an argument in the street. While in police custody, TM died, and there was a dispute of fact as to how his death occurred. The ambulance doctor who attended the scene testified that …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Assault, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Inhuman treatment, Jail, Law enforcement, Police, Suicide, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Dr. Chau Kwok on Gordon and Others v. The Medical Council of Hong Kong

Country: China
Year: 2011
Court: Court of Appeal
Citation: [2011] HKCA 44; CACV 63/2006
Health Topics: Health information
Human Rights: Freedom of expression
Facts:

A group of doctors appealed from a decision by a Medical Council of Hong Kong finding them guilty of  failing to ensure that a reference made to the doctors in a magazine article was not promotional, contrary to the Professional Code and Conduct for the Guidance of Registered Medical Practitioners (”Professional Code”). In 2003, a …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Awareness, Disclosure, Freedom of information, Health care professionals, Health education, Health promotion
Download Judgment: English

Premlata v. Government of NCT Delhi

Country: India
Year: 2011
Court: High Court of Delhi
Citation: W.P. (C) 7687/2010 & CM APPL 6265/2011
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health information, Health systems and financing, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to food, Right to life
Facts:

The issues presented in this case involved citizens living in poverty and the gaps in essential services provided by the government. The first issue was the availability of cash assistance to new mothers. The petitioners alleged that, per past orders of the Supreme Court, benefits should be made available to them under both the National …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Awareness, Budget, Food, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Hunger, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Starvation, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English
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