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124 judgments found.


Beverly T. Peters v. St. Joseph Services Corporation d/b/a St. Joseph Health System, et al.

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: United States District Court Southern District of Texas Houston Division
Citation: Civil Action No. 4:14-CV-2872
Health Topics: Health information, Hospitals
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

Peters, the plaintiff, brought a class action against St. Joseph Services Corporation for damages after a data breach of St. Joseph’s computer network. While purchasing health care services, Peters had provided her personally identifiable and protected health information to St. Joseph, including her name, social security number, birthdate, address, medical records, and bank information. In …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Electronic health information, Electronic health records, Health facilities, Health records, Medical records, Notification
Download Judgment: English

Sharpe Holdings, Inc. v. United States Department of Health and Human Services

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
Citation: No. 14-1507 (8th Cir. filed Sept. 17, 2015).
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of religion
Facts:

CNS International Ministries, Inc. (CNC) and Heartland Christian College (HCC), both nonprofit religious organizations, requested an injunction enjoining the government from enforcing certain provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). Both organizations had strong Christian identities and were against abortion, including methods of contraception that they viewed as equivalent to abortion due …Read more

Tags: Birth control, Contraception, Contraceptives, Health expenditures, Health insurance, Health regulation, Health spending, Reimbursement
Download Judgment: English

Michigan Catholic Conference, et al. v. Burwell, et al.

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Court of Appeals For the Sixth Circuit
Citation: Nos. 13-2723/6640
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of religion
Facts:

The case concerns the religious exemption and accommodation to the contraceptive mandate under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (“ACA”), which requires health insurance plans to provide coverage for contraception. Plaintiffs were religious organizations who claimed that covering contraception on employee health insurance violated their religious freedom. An exemption from the mandate was available …Read more

Tags: Contraception, Contraceptives, Family planning, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Health spending, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English

King, et al. v. Burwell

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 576 U.S. ___ (2015)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Right to social security
Facts:

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (“the Act”) advanced three key reforms to the U.S. health insurance market. First, it instituted insurance market regulations barring insurers from denying coverage or charging higher premiums to any individual based on health status. Second, it enacted a coverage mandate, requiring individuals to have health insurance or pay …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Budget, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Reimbursement, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English

Planned Parenthood of the Heartland, et al. v. Iowa Board of Medicine

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Iowa Supreme Court
Citation: 865 N.W.2d 252 (Iowa 2015)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

This case challenged rules adopted by the Iowa Board of Medicine (“Board”) regarding medicated abortions provided via telemedicine. Starting in 2008, doctors in Iowa at Planned Parenthood began performing abortions via telemedicine. The abortions were performed using mifepristone, a drug that that can be taken orally that terminates a pregnancy, and misoprostol, another oral drug …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Abortion technique, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Health care professionals, Health care technology, Health care workers, Maternal health, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion
Download Judgment: English

Planned Parenthood of the Great Northwest v. Streur, et al.

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Superior Court for the State of Alaska
Citation: No. 3AN-14-04711 CI (Alaska Super. 2015)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

The case concerned an Alaskan regulation that restricted low-income women from accessing medically necessary abortion care under Medicaid, in particular over the definition of “medically necessary” abortions. The Department of Health and Social Services (DHSS) had funded such abortions after a 2001ruling from the Supreme Court of Alaska struck down a regulation that restricted state-funded …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health regulation, Health spending, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Subsidies, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Obergefell v. Hodges

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 576 U.S. ____ (2015); 135 S. Ct. 2584
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The petitioners were same-sex couples from various U.S. states who challenged the constitutionality of bans on same-sex marriage in those states. They claimed that the bans violated the Due Process and Equal Protection clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The Due Process Clause protects individuals from the arbitrary denial of life, …Read more

Tags: Bisexual, Domestic partnership, Gay, Homosexual, Lesbian, LGBTI, Queer, Sexual orientation, Transgender
Download Judgment: English

Glossip et al. v. Gross et al.

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 576 U.S. __ (2015)
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

The state of Oklahoma adopted lethal injection as its method of execution for inmates on death row. The injection consisted of a three-drug protocol of (1) sodium thiopental (a barbiturate) to induce unconsciousness, (2) a paralytic agent to inhibit all muscular-skeletal movements, and (3) potassium chloride to induce cardiac arrest. The Supreme Court had previously ruled …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Detention, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Jail, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Looney v. Moore

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: District Court for the Northern District of Alabama
Citation: No. 2:13-CV-00733-KOB, 2015 WL 4773747 (N.D. Ala. Aug. 13, 2015)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Facts:

The infant Plaintiffs in this case were part of the Surfactant, Positive Pressure, and Oxygenation Randomized Trial (SUPPORT), a clinical research trial aimed at measuring the effects of oxygen saturation levels in premature infants with low birth weights, at the University of Alabama-Birmingham Hospital. For the trial, participants were randomly assigned into groups, and the …Read more

Tags: Child mortality, Children, Clinical trials, Inadequate treatment, Infant health, Infant mortality, Informed choice, Negligence, Neurological diseases, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Standard of care, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

McCullen v. Coakley

Country: United States
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 573 U.S. __ (2014)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of expression
Facts:

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts amended its Reproductive Health Care Facilities Act (the “Act”), making it a crime to knowingly stand on a “public way or sidewalk” within 35 feet of an entrance or driveway to any abortion clinic. The Act exempted from this prohibition certain individuals, including “employees or agents of such facility acting within the scope …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Awareness, Clinics, Counseling, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities
Download Judgment: English

Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc.

Country: United States
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 573 U.S. ___ (2014)
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of religion
Facts:

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA) imposed an obligation on certain employers to provide “‘preventive care and screenings’ for women without ‘any cost sharing requirements.’” Under that law, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) imposed a regulation that the preventive care includes 20 types of contraceptives. Four of those …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Birth control, Conscientious objection, Contraception, Contraceptives, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Subsidy
Download Judgment: English

Rhoades v. Iowa

Country: United States
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court of Iowa
Citation: No. 12-0180
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Rhoades was diagnosed with HIV in 1998 and began receiving treatment for the disease from the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics every three to six months beginning in 2005. In 2008, Rhoades was informed that his viral load was non-detectible. Later that year, he met A.P. on a social networking cite that listed Rhoades …Read more

Tags: Buggery, Condoms, Disclosure, Gay, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Homosexual, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, Sodomy, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Hall v. Florida

Country: United States
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 572 U.S. ___ (2014); 134 S.Ct. 1986
Health Topics: Disabilities, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The petitioner and his accomplice kidnapped, beat, raped, and murdered a pregnant woman before driving to a convenience store, which they planned to rob. In the parking lot of the store, they killed a sheriff’s deputy who attempted to apprehend them. The petitioner received the death penalty for both murders. He argued that he could …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Execution, Mental competence, Mental retardation
Download Judgment: English

Agency for International Development v. Alliance for Open Society International, Inc.

Country: United States
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 570 U.S. ___ (2013)
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of expression
Facts:

The United States Leadership against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act of 2003 (Leadership Act), 22 U.S.C. §7601 set forth a strategy to globally combat the spread of HIV/AIDS. Congress authorized the appropriation of billions of dollars to fund efforts by nongovernmental organizations working in this area. The Leadership Act’s conditions stated that: (1) No funds …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Contraception, Contraceptives, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, Most-at-risk, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sex workers, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius

Country: United States
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 132 S. Ct. 2566 (2012)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to property
Facts:

After significant political struggles, the US Congress enacted the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in 2010. This act had two components, 1) it obligated individuals to maintain “‘minimum essential’ health insurance coverage” through an individual mandate, 2) it contained an expansion of the federal Medicaid program that is run by US states. The constitutionality …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Health spending, Indigent, Low income, Poor
Download Judgment: English

NASA v. Nelson

Country: United States
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 131 S.Ct. 746 (2011)
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health information
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

This case involved a challenge to background checks for government jobs on the basis of constitutional privacy.  Nelson and twenty-seven other federal contract employees, working for NASA at a government laboratory at the California Institute of Technology, claimed that two elements of a standard employment background investigation violated their constitutional rights:  a questionnaire that asked …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Drug abuse, Drug use, Health data, Health information, Health records, Medical records, Non-disclosure, People who use drugs, Secrecy, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English

Brown v. Plata

Country: United States
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 131 S.Ct. 1910 (2011)
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Mental health, Prisons, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health
Facts:

This case involved an appeal from a decision made by a three-judge court that was convened by the Federal District Court to decide the appropriate remedy for violations of the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The violations were the subject of two related Federal District Court cases in California: Coleman v. Brown (1990) …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Cleanliness, Cruel and unusual punishment, Custody, Depression, Detainee, Detention, Diabetes, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Heart disease, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Kidney disease, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Noncommunicable diseases, Prison conditions, Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychosis, Suicide, Waste
Download Judgment: English

Sorrell v. IMS Health

Country: United States
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 131 S.Ct. 2653 (2011)
Health Topics: Health information, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to privacy
Facts:

Pharmacies, “as a matter of business routine and federal law, receive prescriber-identifying information when processing prescriptions.” This “[k]nowledge of a physician’s prescription practices—called prescriber-identifying information,’” enables marketers representing pharmaceutical drug manufacturers (Detailers) to better “ascertain which doctors are likely to be interested in a particular drug and how best to present a particular sales message.” …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Freedom of information, Generic drugs, Health data, Health records, Medical records, Non-disclosure
Download Judgment: English

Pliva v. Mensing

Country: United States
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 131 S.Ct. 2567 (2011)
Health Topics: Health information, Health systems and financing, Medicines
Facts:

Metoclopramide is a drug commonly used to treat digestive tract problems such as diabetic gastroparesis and gastroesophageal reflux disorder. In 1980, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) first approved metoclopramide tablets under the brand name Reglan. Generic manufacturers also began producing metoclopramide five years later. Over its usage history, evidence accumulated that long-term metoclopramide use …Read more

Tags: Disclosure, Drug quality, Drug safety, Generic drugs, Health regulation, Labeling, Non-disclosure
Download Judgment: English

Seaton v. Mayberg

Country: United States
Year: 2010
Court: 9th Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 610 F.3d 530 (2010)
Health Topics: Health information, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellant, Seaton, an inmate, brought suit against the director of the California Department of Mental Health, the administrator of a state hospital, and two psychologists, alleging that they violated his constitutional right to privacy when they examined and communicated their opinions about his medical records to the district attorney’s office in the period before …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Confidentiality, Detention, Disclosure, Health data, Health information, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Medical records, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Non-disclosure, Psychiatry, Psychology, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Mossville Environmental Action Now v. United States

Country: United States
Year: 2010
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 43/10, Petition 242-05, March 17, 2010
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

This report addresses the admissibility of a petition that alleged the United States failed to fulfill its obligations under the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man (the Declaration) and the American Convention on Human Rights (the Convention), including protection of the right to health and equality before law. Mossville, Louisiana is a …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Biosafety, Cancer, Contamination, Heart disease, Industrial waste, Lung disease, Neurological diseases, Poisoning, Pollution, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Skin disease, Toxic waste
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Eneh v. Holder

Country: United States
Year: 2010
Court: United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Citation: 601 F.3d 943 (9th Cir. 2010)
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Controlled substances, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The Petitioner, Lawrence Amaechi Eneh, was a native and citizen of Nigeria. He had contracted HIV while working in a nursing home in the United States. He was living with HIV-related illness, Capsis Sarcoma and Valley Fever, a disease of the lungs, at the time of the proceedings. The Petitioner was convicted for the sale …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Asylum, Budget, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, HIV, HIV positive, Immigration, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Lung disease, Marijuana, Migrants, Noncommunicable diseases, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Prison conditions, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Khrapunskiy v. Doar

Country: United States
Year: 2009
Court: New York Court of Appeals
Citation: 12 N.Y.3d 478 (2009)
Health Topics: Aging, Disabilities, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to social security
Facts:

The Plaintiffs, aged, blind or disabled persons and legal resident aliens of New York State, brought these proceedings against the Commissioner of the New York State Office of Temporary and Disability Assistance (OTDA) after they became ineligible for Supplementary Security Income (SSI) from the federal government and Additional State Payments (ASP) provided by the State. …Read more

Tags: Aged persons, Blind, Disabled, Elderly, Handicapped, Older persons, Physically challenged, Senior citizens, Social security, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English

Metropolitan Life Ins. v. Glenn

Country: United States
Year: 2008
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 128 S.Ct. 2343 (2008)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing
Facts:

The Respondent, Glenn, an employee at a Sears retail store, sought federal-court review under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) of Sears’ insurer, Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (MetLife), due to its denial to extend payment of her disability benefits. MetLife was the administrator and the insurer of Sears’ long-term disability insurance plan, …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Health insurance
Download Judgment: English

Doe v. Dilling

Country: United States
Year: 2008
Court: Supreme Court of Illnois
Citation: 888 N.E.2d 24 (2008); 228 Ill.2d 324
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information
Facts:

The Appellant, Jane Doe, brought proceedings against Betty and Kirk Dilling, the parents of her late fiancé, Albert Dilling. She alleged that they had intentionally and falsely stated to her that Albert was not infected with the HIV virus and/or suffered from AIDS when “they knew that, in fact, he was HIV-positive and had AIDS.” …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Condoms, Contraception, Contraceptives, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Andrea Mortlock v. United States

Country: United States
Year: 2008
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 63/08, Case 12.534
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Controlled substances, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health
Facts:

This report addresses the admissibility of a petition that alleged the United States failed to fulfill its obligations under the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man (the Declaration). Petitioners included the Legal Aid Society and the International Human Rights Clinic at Washington College of Law. Petitioners alleged the United States violated the …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Addiction, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Cocaine, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Drug abuse, Drug enforcement, Drug use, Emergency care, First-line treatment, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Immigration, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Marijuana, Migrants, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Second-line treatment, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Substance abuse, Torture
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Gonzales v. Carhart

Country: United States
Year: 2007
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 550 U.S. 124 (2007)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Respondents, doctors who performed second-trimester abortions, brought suit challenging the constitutionality of the federal Partial Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003 (the Act). The Act banned second trimester abortions using the “intact Dilation & Extraction” (intact D&E) method in which the doctor removed the fetus intact, or largely intact, rather than breaking the fetus …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion technique, Access to treatment, Criminalization, Duty of care, Maternal health, Negligence, Partial birth abortion, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Panetti v. Quarterman

Country: United States
Year: 2007
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 127 S.Ct. 2842 (2007)
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The Appellant, Panetti, was convicted of capital murder in a Texas state court and sentenced to death. After the execution date was set, Panetti brought proceedings claiming that he was incompetent to be executed. The federal district court stayed Panetti’s execution in order to allow the state courts to adjudicate Panetti’s claim of mental incompetence. …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Detainee, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Incompetence, Inmate, Insanity, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental retardation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Gonzales v. Oregon

Country: United States
Year: 2006
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 546 U.S. 243 (2006)
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Controlled substances, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Medicines, Mental health
Facts:

The state of Oregon legalized a physician-assisted suicide law. This law exempts state-licensed physicians who “dispense or prescribe a lethal dose of drugs upon the request of a terminally ill patient” from civil or criminal liability. The law required that the patient must have a diagnosis of an incurable and irreversible disease that reasonably will cause …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Counseling, Examination, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Informed choice, Noncommunicable diseases, Patient choice, Substance abuse, Suicide
Download Judgment: English

State v. Daniels

Country: United States
Year: 2006
Court: Supreme Court of Ohio
Citation: 108 Ohio St.3d 518 (2006); 2006-Ohio-1215
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health information
Human Rights: Right of access to information
Facts:

The Cincinnati Health Department (CHD) refused a request from a reporter from the Cincinnati Enquirer (the Enquirer) for “copies of the 343 lead citations and any others that were issued between 1994 and the present.” The lead citations were lead-contamination notices issued to owners of units reported to be the residences of children whose blood …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Freedom of information, Health information, Health promotion, Minor, Notification
Download Judgment: English
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